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Diwali and Lakshmi Puja Rituals, Traditions and Mantras

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Diwali Celebrated on Saturday - 26 October 2019

Every one of the lights of the World can't be contrasted even with a beam of internal light of oneself. in this light of lights and enjoy the supreme Deepavali.

Diwali or Deepavali is the most widely known festival in Hinduism. This celebration is commended with extraordinary delight and satisfaction. It is the festival which symbolizes the victory of good over evil, knowledge over ignorance and light over darkness. This is the festival of 5 days. People used to celebrate this festival with lightening the lamps and placing diya in every corner of the room. During the celebration of this festival, all places are brightly illuminated like shops, office, temples, and homes.

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The word Diwali which means Dipavali in Sanskrit which means “row of lamps”. In many houses, the preparation for this festival started a month ahead by cleaning their homes decorating with beautiful household things and also the interior and exterior of their homes are illuminated. The festival of Diwali generally falls in the mid of November or October. On this day Puja (workship) to the goddess Lakshmi of wealth and prosperity is held and after this ritual people visit their relative's house and eats sweets and many gifts are shared. People also light fireworks in front of their house. The festival of Diwali is not only playing an important event for the Hindu but also it is an important festival for Jain. It is the biggest festival in India.

History of Diwali and Lakshmi Puja

Importance Of The festival of Diwali is a very ancient festival in India. Many historic events are connected to this festival. The festival of Diwali is referred to different names in different sects in ancient times. Like in the 9th century the festival Deepavali was known as Dipamalika by Rajasekhara in Kavyamimamsa. During this time only he mentioned that the home should be whitewash and oil lamps used for the decoration of homes, markets, and streets in the night. Similarly, in the 7th century, Deepavali is referring to as Dipapratipadotsava by King Harsha. The word Dipapratipadotsava is the combination of 3 words dipa, pratipada, and utsava which means light, first day and festival. In this newly married bride and grooms received gifts.

The festival of Diwali is also mentioned in the era of the Mughal Empire. Many Mughal rulers had banned this festival including hold. Many Hindu festivals were banned in the period of the Mughal empire. But few King in the Mughal dynasty had not banned this festival like King Akbar. In the year 1655, the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb had completely banned the festival of Diwali and Holi.

Not only the festival of Diwali has mentioned within the country India but it is also described in many travelers from outside India. In the 11th century, Al Biruni was a Persian traveler and also a historian. He wrote about the festival of Deepavali as the biggest festival of Hindu and the Hindu people used to celebrate this festival on the full moon day. The festival of Diwali is celebrated in the month of Kartika. Similarly, another traveler and merchant in the 15th century Niccolo de Conti visited India and wrote in his memoir, “on another of these celebrations they repair inside their sanctuaries, and outwardly of the rooftops, an innumerable number of oil lamps which are kept burning day and night”

In the period of B,ritish Empire, there is also mention of the festival of Diwali. Publications from the British colonial era had mentioned the Hindu festival of Diwali published in the year 1799 by Sir William Jones. He mentioned four out of five days of Diwali in the autumn months was written on The Lunar Year of the Hindus. It was mentioned as follows: Bhutachaturdasi Yamaterpanam (2nd day), Lakshmi puja dipanwita (the day of Diwali), Dyuta pratipat Belipuja (4th day), and Bhratri Dwitiya (5th day). “The great festival at night, in honor of Lakshmi, with illuminations on houses and trees” as Lakshmi puja diipanwita as mentioned by Jones.People also celebrated this festival to remember the arrival of Lord Rama in Ayodhya. There is also a very ancient story about the festival of Deepavali at the time of Lord Rama. The festival of Diwali is celebrated to enjoy the moment when Lord Rama had returned from his 14 years vanwas after killing the Lanka King Ravan. People used to placed the Diya in front of every corner of the house to show that the after the arrival of Lord Rama the darkness is disappeared with lightness.

How Diwali or Deepavali and Lakshmi Puja is Celebrated

The festival of Diwali is celebrated with great joy and happiness. People used to wear new clothes and visit there relatives house. Snacks and sweets are shared among them. All type of hatred and anger is forgotten on the festival of Diwali. The main ritual that carried out is in the evening. Lakshmi Puja is the main ritual on the festival of Diwali. And after the Lakshmi Puja there used to be fireworks. People used to burn cracker in front of there house. On the festival of Deepavali, many noisesis there in every street in the city. The festival of Deepavali last for a period of 5 days and within that 5 days every evening Diya is placed in front of every house in the evening. In front of the main gate of the house, a very beautiful rangoli is also drawn. It is very beautiful to watch this scene in the evening. Burning crackers and playing with friends is a lot of fun for children. A proper safety is taken to burn crackers. Every school used to give around 10 to 15 days of holiday for this festival. In this way, the festival of Diwali is celebrated in many different parts in India.

Wishing you all a very Happy and Prosperous Diwali and Lakshmi Puja.


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