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Vaisakhi or Baisakhi 2020 Date and Time in India

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Vaisakhi or Baisakhi: 13th April 2020

Baisakhi is a harvest festival that is celebrated in the state of Panjab and Haryana by Sikhs and Hindus. This festival is celebrated on the first day of Vaisakh month (according to the Hindu calendar). So Baisakhi is also called as Vaisakhi. 

Every year Baisakhi is celebrated on April 13th or 14th. It is one of the most popular festivals in India. It also celebrated as the Sikh new year. It is celebrated to recall and show respect for the formation of Khalsa Panth in 1699. 

baisakhi

Origin of Khalsa Panth:

This festival holds religious significance. It is celebrated as the birth of Khalsa Panth. The word Khalsa in 'Khalsa Panth' means free. In 1699, the tenth guru of Sikhs - Guru Gobind Singh Ji established Khalsa Panth to teach the followers that no superstition or ritual is above god and no one should fall for any superstition. Khalsa Panth also states that believe in one God who is the creator and destroyer.

Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji (the ninth guru of Sikhs) stood up for the rights of Hindus. Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb thought that he would be a threat to his empire. So Guru Tegh Bahadur was beheaded by Aurangzeb. After Guru Tegh Bahadur, his son Guru Gobind Singh took his place. From then there were constant fights between the Mughal Empire and Guru Gobind Singh for the rights of people.

Guru Gobind Singh wanted to build courage in his followers. For that, he needs to do something. So in 1699, when thousands of people came to seek his blessings, Guru showed his arrow to the crowd and said to them that his sword is hungry and demanded a head for the protection of their faith. This was a shock to the crowd but a man arose from the crowd and offered himself. Then Guru took this man to a nearby tent and came back alone with a sword drenched with blood. He again demanded ahead, took another man into the tent and came back alone. This was repeated for five times. He took all these five people to the tent. People over there were very scared with the thought that Guru killed all the five people. But to their surprise, Guru returned with all the five people wearing turbans and saffron-coloured garments. Then Guru Gobind Singh baptized all these five people with holy water 'Amrit' (prepared by Guru). These five men are called as Panj Pyre (the five beloved ones). Data Singh, Dharma Singh, Mohkam Singh, Himmat Singh and Sahib Singh were the five men in Panj Pyre. Amrit is treated as a powerful holy drink. It is also believed that after consuming Amrit the sparrow can even fight with an eagle.

Guru Gobind Singh said that whenever five baptized Sikhs come together, he would be present. It is believed that one who receives Amrit from five baptized Sikhs will be infused with courage and strength. The upper and lower caste people were grouped together with the establishment of Panj Pyre. So the Caste system over there will vanish. Everyone has the right to drink 'amrit' from the same vessel. Guru Gobind Singh regarded Panj Pyre as the first members of Khalsa and he gave them surname as 'Singh'. He also told that women represent royalty and gave them surname as 'Kaur'. Then Guru Gobind along with his family members baptized by the Panj Pyare and took surname as Singh. He thought Sikhs should have a unique identity. So he instructed them to carry Kachha (shorts), kanga (comb), kirpan (sword), kara (bracelet) and kesh (uncut hair). Guru Gobind Singh told that Khalsa Panth is to help the needy but not to rule the poor people. Khalsa Panth gives an opportunity for Sikhs to live their lives with equality, courage and sacrifice.

Celebration of Baisakhi festival:

Baisakhi festival is celebrated by everyone in the states of Haryana and Panjab irrespective of the religion including Hindus and Muslims. On this day Sikhs wake up early in the morning and visit nearby lakes or rivers to take a ritual bath. Then they visit Gurudwaras. Community fairs and processions are also organized where people gather and share festive foods.

This festival is celebrated when the Rabi crop is ready for harvesting. It marks the beginning of the Harvest season. So, on this day farmers thank god for rabi crop. This festival is celebrated with joy all over the country. Not only in India but also across the world Baisakhi festival is celebrated with enthusiasm and joy.

On this day a wide range of Punjabi homemade recipes are prepared. Sweets are also cooked. All the family members sit together and have these food items. The famous folk dance Punjab-Bhangra is popular on this day. Another dance called as Gidda dance is also famous on this day. Women dress up in colourful clothes and jewellery.

Gurdwaras are decorated and kirtans are held. 'Kada Prasad' is distributed to family members, friends and relatives. In various cities, the processions are held by the Panj Piaras. Kar Sewa (the process of offering physical labour) ritual is performed at Gurudwaras. On this day, all educational institutions, offices, etc., are closed. Friends and well wishes exchange gifts between themselves. Companies offer gifts to the employees and the customers. Shopping malls also offer discounts on all items.

This day is celebrated in different places in different manner with different names. In Assam, this festival is celebrated as Bihu. In Kerala, this festival is celebrated as Vishu. In Tamil Nadu, it is celebrated as Pongal etc. But in Punjab, this festival is celebrated in a grand way. Sikhs celebrate this festival in a special way. They visit Gurudwaras and read holy Grant and recall the teachings of the great Gurus. On this day in Gurudwaras, Panj Pyare (the beloved Five men) walk in front of the holy book with swords. After that, the celebration continued with feasting, music and dance. At Golden Temple in Amritsar major celebrations takes place. Fairs are held by the side of rivers.


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