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Teej is a Hindu festival celebrated during the month of Shravana and Badrapadha in north Indian states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan, Haryana, Punjab and Nepal in various forms. During this festival women pray and fast to Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvathi seeking their blessings.
There are three types of Teej that are being celebrated. They are Hariyali Teej, Kajari Teej and Haritalika Teej.
Hariyali Teej: It is also called as Chhoti Teej or Shravan Teej. Hariyali Teej festival falls on Shukla Paksha Tritiya (i.e., on the third day of the bright fortnight)of Shravana month of Hindu calander.
Kajari Teej: After 15days, Hariyali Teej is followed by Kajari Teej which is also called as Badi Teej.
Haritalika Teej: After 15days, Kajari Teej is followed by Haritalika Teej which falls on Shukla Paksha Tritiya(on the third day of the bright fortnight) of the Hindu month of Bhadrapada.
According to Hindu Mythology Goddess Parvathi had a rigorous fast of 108 years to prove her love towards Lord shiva. It is believe that Goddess Parvathi was born 107 times before she was born as Parvathi. After her 108th birth, Lord Shiva accepted Goddess Parvathi as his wife. Teej festival resembles the sacrifice of a wife to win the heart of her husband. As Goddess Parvathi was granted the reward of getting Lord Shiva as her husband after rigorous fast, newly married women do fasting for well-being of their husband. Newly Married women visit their parents and return to their in-laws house with gifts to their in-laws and spouse, to strengthen the bonding between them. In some places, newly engaged women are gifted with saree and ornament by their in-laws as custom.
Trteeya Tithi Praarambh - 01:36
Trteeya Tithi Samaapt - 22:05
1. gan gauree shankaraardhaangi yatha tvan shankar priya. maan kuru kalyaanee kaant kaanta sudurlabhaam..
2.shree bhagavate saamb shivaay namah
3.umaamaheshvarasaayujy siddhaye haritaalika vratamahan karishye
4.devi devi ume gauree traahi maam karuna nidhe, mamaaparaadha chhantavy bhukti mukti prada bhav.
Women do fasting and pray all night during this Hariyali Teej festival. This fasting continues for 24 hours long neither drinking nor eating anything. In the Morning, women bath and dressup traditionally with red sarees, wear jewellery and then visit temples to offer prayers to Goddess Parvathi. Women apply Mehandi to their hands. They swing joyfullys on the swings fixed to branches of large trees singing songs related to this festival.
The word Hariyali Teej relates to greenery. So in some places women wear green clothes and green bangles.
In Nepal, Women celebrate Hariyali Teej festival for the marital happiness, well-being of their spouse and purification of their own body. They celebrate Teej for long life of their husband and strong relation between them. They wear red clothes and visit the temple. Women who undergo fasting will have a big feast with heavy food the next day.
During this Hariyali Teej festival, in Gujarath, Garba dance is arranged. Women wearing traditional clothes, carry pots on their heads and dance singing the songs related to Goddess Parvathi.
In Maharastra, Women wear green clothes and green bangles. They offer fresh fruits and vegetables to the goddess.
Idols of Goddess Parvati are decorated with beautiful silks and gold ornaments and taken around the city with music and dance. Food offering or Prasad that is special during this festival was ghewar.
Festivals play a significant role in our day to day lives. We worship different Gods and accordingly there are different festivals that we celebrate to mark the occasion. Festivals provide us with an opportunity to spend quality time with our family, friends and relatives. There are so many rituals attached to the festivals and this makes the entire concept of celebration of festivals even more colorful & exciting.
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