• START - - -
  • Om lambodaraya vidmahe, mahodaraya dhimahi,
  • Tano danti prachodayat. |
  • Om mahakarnay vidmahe, vakratundaya dhimahi,
  • Tano danti prachodayat. |
  • Om ekadantaya vidmahe, vakratundaya dhimahi,
  • Tano danti prachodayat. |
  • Om tathapurusaya vidmahe, vakratundaya dhimahi,
  • Tano danti prachodayat. |
  • - - - END |

Medaram Sammakka Sarakka Jatara


Sammakka Sarakka Jathara Celebrated on 12th February 2022 (Frequency: Every 2 Years)

Sammakka Sarakka Jathara is one of the famous tribal festivals celebrated in the state of Telangana, India. Sammakka Sarakka Jathara is also called Medaram Jathara. Medaram is a remote place, located within Eturnagaram Wildlife Sanctuary, a part of Dandakaranya, in Mulugu. Medaram Jathara is held once every two years during the month of February at Medaram which is located at a distance of 95 km from Warangal and 260 km from Hyderabad.



Sammakka Sarakka Jathara is said to be one of the largest fairs of tribal communities in the world where no idol is worshipped. After Kumbh Mela, Sammakka Sarakka Jathara attracts the largest number of devotees in our country. Millions of people attend this fair every year. It is believed that during this fair, goddesses of tribals visit them.

Legend behind the celebration of Sammakka Saralamma Jathara:

In the 13th century, some tribes went hunting. On their way, they saw a newborn girl (Sammakka) emitting enormous light playing with tigers. The tribes were shocked to see this. They closed their eyes and prayed to god. When they opened their eyes the tigers disappeared. They took her with them. After that, she was adopted and brought up by the head of the tribe Meda Raju. Then she was married to Pagididda Raju, a feudatory tribal chief of Kalatiyas.

This couple Pagididda Raju and Sammakka were blessed with two daughters Sarakka, Nagulamma and one son Jampanna. Once, there was a heavy drought in their area and the tribes were unable to pay the taxes. Kakatiya ruler Prathaparudra was angry about this and tried to occupy the tribal territories. Sammakka, Sarakka along their family fought against Kakatiya ruler Prathaparudra who tried to occupy the tribal territories. Sarakka, Nagulamma, Meda Raju, Pagadidda Raju lost their lives in that brutal fight. Jampanna the son of Sammakka died in the nearby stream during their battle.

Sammakka continued her fight to save the people. After the war Sammakka walked bleeding towards Chilakala Gutta and disappeared in the middle of the way. Her followers searched her and could not find her. On their way they saw Kumkum Bharina. They believed it as Sammakka. So to offer a tribute to the brave mother, Sammakka Sarakka Jathara is held.

Sammakka Sarakka Jathara is held for four days. Programs that are included in these four days are:

Day-1: First day of the fair is celebrated as the arrival of Saralamma (also called Sarakka) on to the 'Medaram Gaddhe'. Saralamma was Sammakka's daughter. In a temple at Kannepalli, a small village 3 km away from Medaram, Saralamma will be installed. Pujaris perform puja secretly in the morning on the first day. Unmarried women, the couple who wants to have children and people suffering from diseases perform special pujas on this day to Saralamma. After that, the villagers of Kannepalli perform 'Aarti' and organize a grand farewell to goddess Saralamma. Then the idol of Saralamma is brought to 'Medaram Gaddhe' through 'Jampanna vagu'.  Saralamma is worshipped with special pujas and rituals after arriving onto 'Medram Gaddhe'. As a part of Medaram Jathara, millions of devotees visit Saralamma and offer special pujas.

Day-2: Second day of the fair is celebrated as the arrival of Sammakka on to the 'Medaram Gaddhe'. Sammakka is welcomed officially by the district collector on behalf of the state government of Telangana. During the arrival of Sammakka, 'Edurukolla Gattam' is one of the popular events. First Pujaris bring bamboo sticks and place them on the 'Gaddhe'. Then with the protection of the police, Sammakka is brought to the Gaddhe by Pujaris. Usually, Sammakka is installed in the form of 'Kumkum Bharina' at Chilakala Gutta which is 1 km away from Medaram. As an indication of the arrival of Sammakka at Chilakala Gutta, SP fires gun thrice in the air, in presence of the district collector and inaugurates the 'Bali' to please Sammakka. Then Pujaris bring the deity on to the Gaddhe by praising Sammakka with slogans.

Day-3: On the third day of the Jathara, darshanam of Sammakka Saralamma is available for the devotees. On this day, devotees perform Punya Snanam in 'Jampanna Vagu' and visit the Goddesses. They offer various offerings to the Goddesses. Some women offer 'Saare' (a combination of necessary items) and 'Odi Biyyam (sacred rice) to Sammakka Saralamma. One of the important offerings in Sammakka Saralamma Jathara is jaggery. Jaggery that is offered to the goddesses during this fair is called 'Bangaram' (gold). This day is the busiest day among all the four days of the fair. Devotees fulfill their vows by their offerings and some people even give their hair, get married at Medaram.

Day-4: The Fourth Day of the Jathara is celebrated as Vana Pravesham of Sammakka and Sarakka. After worshipping the Goddesses for these three days, Sammakka and Sarakka return back to the forest on the fourth day. This is the last day of Sammakka Sarakka Jathara. While the Goddesses are returning back to the forest, the same security and homage they got while arriving on to the Gaddhe are paid to the Goddesses. On this day, Sammakka is returned back to Chilakala Gutta, Sarakka is returned back to Kannepalli, Govinda Raju is returned back to Kondai and Pagididda Raju is returned back to Punugonda by walk.


Ritual of Sammakka and Sarakka Jathara:

Sammakka Sarakka resembles the customs of tribes. Sammakka Sarakka Jathara starts on Magha Shuddha Pournami and continues for four days. Approximately ten million people visit Medaram to celebrate the fair, from different places of India i.e., Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Orissa, Maharashtra, Karnataka and some parts of Jharkhand. Devotees offer jaggery of a quantity equal to their weight to the goddesses and take a holy bath in Jampanna Vagu. The jaggery that is offered to the goddesses in Medaram is called bangaram (gold). It is a festival that is celebrated with no Vedic or Brahmanic influence.

Till 1940 only tribals of Chilukala Gutta used to celebrate this fair. After that these celebrations gradually spread all over the state. In the beginning, the only way by which people could travel to reach Medaram was the bullock cart. In 1998, the state government declared Sammakka Sarakka Jathara 1000 years old festival as official and laid roads. During this fair traffic jam goes as far as 60 km on Warangal Highway.

In Medaram, at the place where Sammakka Sarakka fair is held, there is a tributary to river the Godavari called Jampanna Vaagu.  According to the legend, Jampanna the tribal warrior and the son of Sammakka died in that stream during their battle against Kakatiya Army. So Jampanna vagu got its name from Jampanna. We find that watercolor in Jampanna vagu as red. It is believed that the red color marked with the blood of Jampanna. (But the color of the water is attributed to the soil composition scientifically.) Tribals believe that taking a holy dip in Jampanna vagu reminds them of the sacrifice of the gods Sammakka Sarakka, who saved them inducing courage into their souls. It is also believed that taking a holy bath in Jampanna vagu removes our sin and diseases. A bridge is constructed on the top of Jampanna Vagu. It is called the Jampanna vagu bridge.

Related Articles

14 January
Important things about Makar Sankranti that you should know

Makar Sankranti: 14th January 2021 In South, it is a 4-day long festival and the day one is called “Bhogi” when people throw away old…

28 January
Thaipusam-Learn about the Tradition and Why it is Celebrated

Thaipusam: 28th January 2021 This festival is mostly celebrated by the Hindu people of the Tamil community. The festival of Thaipusam is also known as…

12 February
Medaram Sammakka Sarakka Jatara

Sammakka Sarakka Jathara Celebrated on 12th February 2022 (Frequency: Every 2 Years) Sammakka Sarakka Jathara is one of the famous tribal festivals celebrated in the…

16 February
Why Do People Worship Goddess Saraswati on Basant Panchami

Basant Panchami: 16th February 2021 Tithi Start: 03:36 AM Tuesday (16th February) Tithi End: 05:46 AM Wednesday (17th February) The festival Vasant Panchami is also known as…

19 February
Why do we call Surya Jayanthi as Ratha Saptami and story

Surya Jayanthi or Ratha Saptami: 19th February 2021 Ratha Saptami is one of the important festivals that are celebrated by Hindus and an auspicious day…

11 March
Shivratri: Story of bum bum bole and Neelakanta mahadev

Maha Shivratri: 11th March 2021 Maha Shivratri, if you translate it, means ‘Great night of Lord Shiva’, is one of the most popular Hindu festivals…

29 March
Holi: Most Colorful Festival in India,Learn Why it is Celebrated

Holi Festival: 29th March 2021 Role of Radha-Krishna in the Celebration of Holi As it is known all over, Lord Krishna used to be very…

2 April
Ram Navami: Mythological Significance and celebration

Ram Navami: 2nd April 2020 Ram Navami is a Hindu or Vedic festival which is celebrated every year with great flair and enthusiasm on the…

6 April
Mahavir Jayanti: History and celebrates the beauty of simplicity

Mahavir Jayanti: 6th April 2020 Mahavir Jayanti is one of the most significant religious festivals that belong to the Jain community. It is celebrated with…

8 April
Hanuman Jayanti History, Mantra, puja vidhi date and time

Hanuman Jayanti: 8th April 2020 Hanuman Jayanti is commended on full moon day amid Chaitra month. Hanuman, who is otherwise called Vayu Putra or Pawan…

13 April
Ugadi-Gudi Padwa,Why People Celebrated as the Telugu New Year

Ugadi (Gudi Padwa): 13th April 2021 Ugadi, the festival is mostly celebrated by the people of Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, and Karnataka. The people of this…

13 April
Vaisakhi or Baisakhi 2020 Date and Time in India

Vaisakhi or Baisakhi: 13th April 2020 Baisakhi is a harvest festival that is celebrated in the state of Panjab and Haryana by Sikhs and Hindus. This…

14 April
Bihu Dance Festival in Assam - Celebrations and Significance

Bihu: 14th April to 20th April 2021 Bihu is one of the important festivals that are celebrated in Assam. This festival is celebrated with the…

15 April
Gangaur Festival: Why it is Called the Festival of Marriage

Gangaur Festival: 15th April 2021 Gangaur festival is mostly celebrated in Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Telangana, West Bengal & Gujarat. This amazing festival is celebrated by…

15 April
Matsya Jayanti: Lord Vishnu’s first incarnation Puja Tithi

Matsya Jayanti: 15th April 2021 Are you a person who cultivates good habits? What preserves good friendships? Do you reflect on your health, your mood,…

26 April
Akshaya Tritiya 2020 Tithi: Festival of Hindus and Jains

Akshaya Tritiya: 26th April 2020 Tithi Start: 11:52 am on April 25 Tithi End: 1:23 pm on April 26 Akshaya Tritiya is a famous festival that…

28 April
Skanda Sashti: The story of Lord Karthikeyan or Lord Subramanya

Skanda Sashti Festival: 28th April 2020 Skanda Sashti Story: Skanda Sashti, also known as Kanda Shashti, is a sacred day for Hindus dedicated to Lord…

2 May
Sita Navami: Sita Jayanthi - Goddess Sita Devi-Janaki Navami

Sita Navami: 2nd May 2020 Sri Ram Navami is one of the important festivals that are celebrated in India by Hindus. But did you ever…

6 May
Narasimha Jayanti: Narasimha swami Puja Date and Mantras

Narasimha Jayanti: 6th May 2020 The King of Demon Hiranyakashipu after devoting many years in Sadhana obtained a boon from Lord Brahma that he could…

7 May
know more about what is Buddha Purnima 2020 or Vesak ?

Buddha Purnima or Vesak Festival: 7th May 2020 Lord Buddha’s birthday is called as Buddha Jayanthi, Buddha Purnima or Vesak. Buddha Purnima is the most…

8 May
Narada Jayanti: Narada - Devrishi Narada Muni - Trikaldarshi

Narada Jayanthi: 8th May 2020 Narada Jayanthi is one of the significant festivals that is celebrated by a number of Hindu devotees. This day is…

14 May
Parshuram Jayanti (Parshuram avatar): Puja Tithi, Date and Time

Parshuram Jayanti: 14th May 2021 Tritiya Tithi Begins - 05:38 on May 14, 2021 Tritiya Tithi Ends - 07:59 on May 15, 2021    Story…

22 May
Savitri Vrat - Somvati Amavasya - Savitri Brata

Vat Savitri Vrat: 22nd May 2020 Savitri Vrat is one of the famous vrat observed by married women. Savitri Vrat is also known as Somvati…

26 May
Kurma Jayanti (Kurma Avatat)Puja Tithi, Date and Time

Kurma Jayanti: 26th May 2021 Purnima Tithi Begins - 20:29 on May 25, 2021 Purnima Tithi Ends - 16:43 on May 26, 2021   ।।…

2 June
The power of the Gayatri Jayanti mantra and Puja vidhi Time

Gayatri Jayanti: 2nd June 2020 Tithi Begins - 02:57 PM on Jun 01, 2020 Ekadashi Tithi Ends - 12:04 PM on Jun 02, 2020 As…

5 June
Snana Purnima: Lord Jagannath Gajanana Besha or Hati Besha

Snana Purnima: 5th June 2020 Snana Purnima: Bath & Hathi Besha (Gajanana Besha) Of Lord Jagannath, Devi Subhadra and Lord Balabhadra The year-long cycle of…

14 June
Raja Sankranti Festival in Odisha | Raja doli jhulilani

Raja Sankranti Festival: 14th June 2020 Festival is a celebration or an event celebrated by a community or a group of people that reflects their…

23 June
Jagannath Ratha Yatra:why It is also called as Gundicha Yatra

Ratha Yatra: 23rd June 2020 The festival of Chariots, Ratha Yatra is one of the most famous festivals in India, mostly in the state of…

28 June
Bonalu festival is very famous folk festival in the Telangana region

Bonalu Festival 2020 in Telangana will begin on Sunday, 28 June and ends on Sunday, 19 July Bonalu is another very famous folk festival in…

23 July
Hariyali Teej Festival and Haritalika Teej Festival Date

Hariyali Teej Festival: 23rd July 2020 Hariyali Teej  Fetival is a Hindu festival celebrated during the month of Shravana and Badrapadha in north Indian states…

25 July
Naga Panchami: Naga Panchami Story and Puja Benefits

Naga Panchami: 25th July 2020 Nagapanchami is a traditional festival celebrated across India on  fifth day (Panchami) of Shravana month of the Lunar calendar. Nagapanchami…

25 July
Kalki Jayanti Rituals, Significance, Puja Mantra and Muhurat

Kalki Jayanti: 25th July 2020 It is said in the scriptures that when Kaliyuga is at its peak then Lord Vishnu will take the form…

30 July
Shravana Putrada Ekadashi Katha, Puja Vidhi, date and time

Shravana Putrada Ekadashi: 30th July 2020 About  Shravana Putrada Ekadashi: Ekadashi that falls during the Shukla Paksha in the month of ‘Shravana’ is celebrated as…

31 July
Varalakshmi Vratham Pooja Vidhi Shubh Muhurat Time and Date

Varalakshmi Vratham Pooja: 31st July 2020 Varalakshmi Vratham, also known as Varalakshmi Puja, is an important Hindu festival celebrated in honor of the goddess Lakshmi.…

3 August
Do you know story Behind Raksha Bandhan of Satoshi Maa

Raksha Bandhan: 3rd August 2020 Brothers and sisters know very well what's in each other's hearts. They share some of the best moments of life…

6 August
Kajari Teej Significance 2019: Tithi Timing for Pooja vidhi

Kajari Teej: 6th August 2020 Interestingly, Kajari Teej is also popularly known as Badi Teej as opposed to Chhoti Teej which is known as Hariyali…

11 August
Janmashtami:How and Why Do We Celebrate Krishna Janmashtami

Janmashtami: 11th August 2020 Janmashtami is a festivals that is celebrated by the Hindus to celebrate the birth of Lord Krishna. India is a land…

16 August
Simha Sankranti is Dedicated to Worshipping the Surya Dev

Simha Sankranti: 16th August 2020 Simha Sankranti: Things You Must Know About the Festival During the occasion of Simha Sankranti, it is believed that one…

21 August
Varaha Jayanti: Varaha is known in the third incarnation of Lord Vishnu.

Varaha Jayanti: 21st August 2020 Varah avatar is an avatar of Lord Vishnu, in this avatar of Lord; Shri Hari protects religion by ending sinners. Varah reveals…

21 August
Important of Hartalika Teej Festival and significance

Hartalika Teej: 21st August 2020 Hartalika Teej Festival is the celebration of the reunion of Goddess Parvathi with Lord Shiva. During this festival, Goddess Parvathi…

22 August
Ganesh Chaturthi:Story behind Pratham Pujya Ganesha

Ganesh Chaturthi: 22nd August 2020 "Om Gam Ganapataye Namaha Sharanam Ganesha" "Lord Ganesha brings you health, wealth, wisdom & prosperity. Many people believe in Ganesha,…

22 August
Story behind Onam and some major attraction of this festival

Onam 2020 will begin on Saturday, 22 August and ends on Wednesday, 2 September Onam is the annual harvest festival celebrated in the state of…

23 August
Rishi Panchami - Bhai Panchami  Vrat Katha and Puja Vidhi

Rishi Panchami: 23rd August 2020 Importance of Rishi Panchami : As per the Hindu Lunar Calendar, the fifth day of the Shukla Paksha of the…

26 August
Radha Ashtami: Things One Must Know About the Festival

Radha Ashtami: 26th August 2020 Shri Radha was born or rather it is believed that she was found lying on a Lotus leaf in a…

29 August
Vamana Jayanti (Vamana Avatat)Puja Tithi, Date and Time

Vamana Jayanti: 29th August 2020 Dwadashi Tithi Begins - 08:17 on Aug 29, 2020 Dwadashi Tithi Ends - 08:21 on Aug 30, 2020 Shravana Nakshatra…

1 September
Ganesh Visarjan Idol Immersion,Associated Rituals and Farewell

Ganesh Visarjan Celebrated on 1st September 2020 Ganesh Visarjan in India and its Mythological Significance The colorful and energetic festival of Ganesh Chaturthi is one…

16 September
Vishwakarma Puja-Origin and Significance-Why do we celebrate

Vishwakarma Puja: 16th September 2020 It falls every year on last day of the Indian Bhado month. Vishwakarma Puja - The Vedic History Vishwakarma is…

15 October
Stories behind Bathukamma History of Telangana Tradition

Bathukamma 2020 will begin on Thursday, 15 October and ends on Friday, 23 October Bathukamma is a festival widely celebrated in all areas of the…

17 October
Navaratri:Why it is celebrated 9days with 9devis and 9colors

Navaratri in India will begin on Saturday, 17 October and ends on Sunday, 25 October Navaratri is the festival of Hindu. It is the festival…

25 October
Dussehra - Vijayadashami - Ravan Dahan - Durgotsav

Dussehra: 25th October 2020 Dussehra is one of the most noteworthy festivals in India and it is celebrated on the tenth day of Navaratri. This…

31 October
Meerabai Jayanti was celebrated in honour of Meerabai birthday

Meerabai Jayanti: \31st October 2020 Meera Bai (circa 1498-1547) was a great Hindu poet and ardent devotee of Lord Krishna. Meerabai Jayanti was celebrated in…

14 November
Diwali and Lakshmi Puja Rituals, Traditions and Mantras

Diwali: Saturday, 14th November 2020 Every one of the lights of the World can't be contrasted even with a beam of internal light of oneself.…

16 November
Importance of kartik puja Vidhi and Tripur story

Kartik Puja: 16 November 2020 Kartik Puja takes place on the 11th day of the month of Kartik, mainly on the Ganges River in Varanasi.…

Leave a comment:

Latest posts

Facebook Page

© 2018. Amewoo. All Rights Reserved.