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Navaratri is the festival of Hindu. It is the festival of nine nights and ten days. It is celebrated in the month of September and October. Every Year we are Celebrated Four Navaratris
In Sanskrit, the word Navaratri means nine nights. In English, it is spelled as Navarathri or Navratri. This festival is celebrated in the honor of the divine feminine Devi Durga. According to the Hindu calendar, this festival is celebrated in the month of Ashvin which is typically the starting of the bright half of the Hindu calendar. This festival is celebrated in many different regions of India and in many different places there is a different belief for celebrating this festival. The most observed Navratri is Sharada Navratri among other Navaratri. There are total four Navaratri in a year and with great joy and enthusiasm, people used to celebrate this festival.
People used to dress in a traditional manner including men and women. Each night there used to be a classical dance at many places in cities. This dance is called Garba. Both boys and girls dance together on classical music. In some places, there is also competition between boys and girls to see who wins. And who can dance better whether a boy or a girl. And a person who wins in this competition prizes is given to him/her. Each night of the nine days there used to be competition and every night mostly the prizes are different for every night. Not only this there is also a huge set up of markets including things like traditional books, photos, and statues of Devi Durga and Lord Ganesha and many different items of Jewellery and household stationery. Including all this there is also a huge set up of lighting on the roads and stages are decorated and the statues of the Devi Durga is placed in it. During this nine days, pooja is held on the stage and elder people used to tell the story of the Devi Durga. In a traditional way, this pooja is called as Durga Puja. In many other states of India, this Durga Puja is synonymous with Navratri. It is believed that the goddess Durga fights with the demon of buffalo called Yamraj in order to restore Dharma.
After the nine days of Navarathri, the last day is the most important day. The tenth day which is also called the Vijayadashami or Dussehra. On this day the statues of the Devi Durga is immersed in water. People used to dance and there was also a band party whose job is to play music. On this same day, people used to burn the statues of the evil god Ravana indicating the victory of good over evil. While burning of the statue of the evil god Ravana there is also a fireworks celebration. People used to celebrate the burning of the statues with loud noise and with very happily distribute the sweets among their relatives. It is believed that all evil in the world is getting destroyed while the statue is getting burned.
In a year there are total four Navaratri. Their names are Vasanta Navaratri, Sharada Navaratri, Madha Navaratri, and Ashada Navaratri. Out of all this Navaratri, the Sharada Navaratri falls in the month of September and October and is the only Navaratri that is celebrated with more joy and decorations. In Hindu traditional text such as Puranas the festival Navaratri occurs twice or four times in a year. In Vaishnava Puranas it occurs four times in a year and in Shakta Puranas, Navaratri occurs twice in a year. Each Navaratri is celebrated in different ways in different regions in India.
1. Sharada Navaratri
2. Vasanta Navaratri
3. Magha Navaratri
4. Ashada Navaratri
It is the most important of the four Navaratri. The Navaratri was named after the word Sharada which means autumn as it comes in the month of Ashvin that is in the month of October and September. In this Navaratri, only people used to dance and play gharba and the statue of the Devi Durga is worshiped. This Navaratri ends with Dussehra.
After the Sharada Navaratri, this is the second most celebrated Navaratri in India. It is also known as Chaitra Navaratri as it is celebrated in the month of Shukla Paksha. That is in between the month of March and April. In the Hindu calendar, this Navaratri is the starting of the new year. In many different states of India, this Navaratri is celebrated in different form and name. Like this Navaratri is called as Navreh in Kashmir and it is called as Gudi Padwa in Maharashtra. There is a complete story of King Virasena of Kalinga, Queen Lilavati, King Dhruvasindhu, King Yudhajit of Ujjain(father of Queen Lilavati), Rishi Bharadwaja and many more on how this Vasanta Navaratri came into existent.
It is also called as Magha Gupta Navratri. This Magha Navaratri is also known as Shishir Navratri. This Navaratri occurs in the month of Magha. That is this Navaratri is celebrated in the mid of January and February month. It is believed that this period of Magha Navaratri is the very precious time for Shadhus, tantriks, and a person who want to resolve the problems including not working of the body parts, bad relationship, and many other materialistic problems. This Navaratri is celebrated mostly by individuals. It is seen that this Navaratri is mostly celebrated in northern states of India such as Uttarakhand, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana and also in many parts of Uttar Pradesh.
This Navaratri comes in the month of June and July. This Navaratri is celebrated at the start of the monsoon season. The Madha Navaratri and Ashada Navaratri is known as Gupt Navaratri. This two Navaratri is not known to everyone but this is very important Navaratri for tantriks and sadhaks. This Navaratri is dedicated to the workship of the Maa Shakti, Maa Lakshmi, and Maa Saraswati. The first three days of this Navaratri Maa Shakti puja was held and the remaining six days were for the worshiping for the Maa Lakshmi and Maa Saraswati. In both of this Gupt Navaratri Ashada and Madha, it’s a strong belief in devotees that all your wishes can come true if you workship with a pure heart and with complete devotion to the goddess.
Navaratri is the festival of nine night and ten days. There is an important message for each day and each day of this festival have its own unique importance in the traditional sense. Basically, the festival of Navaratri is primarily celebrated for the worship of the Devi Durga and its nine different forms. This festival is celebrated when the goddess Durga had killed the demon Mahishasura. It is the festival that gives the message of the victory of Good over Evil.
Festivals play a significant role in our day to day lives. We worship different Gods and accordingly there are different festivals that we celebrate to mark the occasion. Festivals provide us with an opportunity to spend quality time with our family, friends and relatives. There are so many rituals attached to the festivals and this makes the entire concept of celebration of festivals even more colorful & exciting.
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