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Simha Sankranti is Dedicated to Worshipping the Surya Dev

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Simha Sankranti: 16th August 2020

Simha Sankranti: Things You Must Know About the Festival

During the occasion of Simha Sankranti, it is believed that one should not take any critical decision on that day as it is the day on which the Sun enters into the house of Simha Rashi or Leo. Simha Sankranti is usually celebrated during the month of Shravan and Dakshinayana phase(the Southern journey of the Sun). It is a day entirely dedicated to the Sun, Lord Vishnu, and Vishnu avatar of Narasimha. 

Those who are looking forward to performing poojas like the Pitru Dosha Nivaran should go ahead with such poojas on this auspicious day.

Simha Sankranti

What is Simha Snkaranti:

The word Simha Sankranti can be divided into two parts - Simha and Sankranti. Simha is also spelled as Sinha or Singh, is also known as Leo which is an astrological zodiac sign that is denoted by the Lion. Sankranti is the occasion that marks the shifting of Sun from one zodiac sign to another zodiac sign. Simha Sankranti is celebrated when the solar transition happens from zodiac sign to another and Simha Sankranti is one among the twelve Sankarantis that are celebrated every year. During the festival of Simha Sankranti, the Sun remains in transit from Karka Rashi (Cancer) to Simha Rashi (Leo). In Southern India, Simha Sankranti is also known as Simha Sankraman and this festival is celebrated with more enthusiasm and fair in the Southern and Northern parts of India compared to other parts of the country. This day marks the beginning of the Chinga month as per the Malayalam calendar, Avni month as per the Tamil calendar, and the month of Bhadra as per the Bengali calendar.

People hold great sentiments and belief in their deities and fulfilling their spiritual and worldly desires mean a lot to them. They celebrate the occasion by performing religious activities such as taking the holy bath, worshipping the devas, and giving the offerings and tithes.

Ritual of Simha Sankranti:

  • On the occasion of Simha Sankranti, the devotees get themselves engaged in worshipping Lord Vishnu, Sun God, and Lord Narasimha Swami.
  • Narikela (coconut) Abhisheka is performed on this day and people consider it as part of the holy bath. People use only fresh coconut water for Nariyal Abhisheka.
  • It is a usual practice in our country to worship Lord Ganesha before the rest of the other puja ceremony to please Him and show our gratitude and when it is done on the occasion of Simha Sankranti, it is known as Appada puja.
  • The Hoovina puja which is celebrated in connection with Lord Vishnumurthy is celebrated continuously for a month until the Sun transits to Kanya Rashi (Pieces)
  • On the occasion of Simha Sankranti, flowers, fruits, and different varieties of sweets are offered to the deities and specific mantras are chanted to seek blessings from the Almighty.

Celebrations of Simha Sankranti:

Simha Sankranti is a day of worship which is dedicated to worshipping the Sun God, Lord Vishnu, and Lord Narasimha Swami. People all around offer their prayers to the Lord on this special day to attain their blessings. A famous temple named Vishnumurthy Temple which is located at Kulai near Mangalore city is one of the main attractions of Simha Sankranti as the Vishnumurthy temple gets specially decked up for the various festivities of the occasion. 

Another special ritual that is a part of the celebration of Simha Sankranti, is the Narikela Abhisheka. Narikela Abhisheka is considered to be a holy bath which is specially performed on the occasion of Simha Sankranti. Coconut water which is specially cleansed is used for the ritual of Narikela Abhisheka. Also, another puja which is conducted to please Lord Ganesha is performed on the day and offerings in the form of Hoovina puja are made to Lord Vishnumurthy on this special day and people continue to celebrate and have a good time till Kanya Sankraman. 

The festival of Simha Sankranti is majorly celebrated in many temples across Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and Andhra Pradesh.

Religious Significance of Simha Sankranti: 

The importance of Simha Sankranti has been justified by all - Vedic, astrological, and religious points of view. Hence, the Hindus, especially the Brahmins, consider this festival as a vital Hindu event. Even though the festival of Simha Sankranti is celebrated primarily throughout the Sothern states of India, it is also celebrated grandly in the Kumaun belt of Uttarakhand. It is believed that during the reign of the Chand dynasty, artisans used to display their creativity, products on the occasion of Simha Sankranti. They used to get suitably rewarded by the king for their creativity, talent, and hard work. Common people started appreciating this act by the king and became part of the celebrations and used to offer fruits and flowers to the members of the royal family.

This tradition of offering flowers, fruits, and other such offerings to the members of the royal family is popularly known as Rite of Olag. Even though the festival of Simha Sankranti is celebrated primarily throughout the Sothern states of India, it is also celebrated grandly in the Kumaun belt of Uttarakhand. It is believed that during the reign of the Chand dynasty, artisans used to display their creativity, products on the occasion of Simha Sankranti. They used to get suitably rewarded by the king for their creativity, talent, and hard work. Common people started appreciating this act by the king and became part of the celebrations and used to offer fruits and flowers to the members of the royal family. This tradition of offering flowers, fruits, and other such offerings to the members of the royal family is popularly known as Rite of Olag.

There is also a tradition that is very popular and it is the consumption of horse bean flour bread with ghee or purified butter. The abundance usage of ghee on the occasion of Simha Sankranti gave rise to the name of Ghrita Sankranti in the Bageswar district of Kumaon in Uttar Pradesh.

Things to Do on Simha Sankranti:

Chant the mantras of Sun God: Lord Sun or Surya Devata is considered as the source of energy for the entire universe. By chanting mantras in the name of Surya Devata, one will find inner peace, excellence in their career and higher studies, promotion in their service, and growth in finances, etc.

Prayers for Lord Vishnu: Lord Vishnu is popularly considered as the preserver of the universe. Offering prayers in the name of Lord Vishnu on the occasion of Simha Sankranti can help an individual in achieving growth in their career, stability ion their finances, and it further can bring prosperity, peace, and wisdom in one’s life.

Perform Simha Sakranti Puja: Performing this puja with sincerity and dedication can help an individual in enhancing his/her self esteem and self-worth. It is also believed that performing this puja provides courage, will power, and strength and it also helps in the protection of heart and nerve disorders.


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