LORD GANESHA GAYATRI MANTRA
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  • Om lambodaraya vidmahe, mahodaraya dhimahi,
  • Tano danti prachodayat. |
  • Om mahakarnay vidmahe, vakratundaya dhimahi,
  • Tano danti prachodayat. |
  • Om ekadantaya vidmahe, vakratundaya dhimahi,
  • Tano danti prachodayat. |
  • Om tathapurusaya vidmahe, vakratundaya dhimahi,
  • Tano danti prachodayat. |
  • - - - END |

Savitri Vrat - Somvati Amavasya - Savitri Brata

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Vat Savitri Vrat: 22nd May 2020

Savitri Vrat is one of the famous vrat observed by married women. Savitri Vrat is also known as Somvati Amavasya and Savitri Brata. Savitri Vrat is observed on the Amavasya of Jyeshtha month or Purnima of Jyeshtha month depending on the region people live. North Indian states like Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Haryana and Punjab follow Purnima calendar and the remaining all the states follow Amanta calendar. According to Purnimata calendar Vat Savitri vrat is observed on Jyeshtha Amavasya and according to Amanta calendar, it is observed on Jyeshtha Purnima.

On this day Hindu married women will observe fast and do Vat Savitri vrat for the well being and long life of their husband. There was a legend behind this Vrat. According to that story Savitri, a Hindu Woman saved her husband Satyavan from Yama the god of death. So this day is celebrated to pay reverence to Savitri. It is believed that if a Woman observes Vat Savitri vrat and worships the banyan tree; her husband will be blessed with well being and long life.

savitri-vrat

Legend of Savitri and Satyavan:

Once upon a time, there was a kingdom called Madra. Ashwapati was the king of Madra. The couple Ashwapati and Malavika was childless for many years. They prayed to God to bless them with a baby boy. But God blessed this couple with a beautiful baby girl. They named this baby girl as Savitri. Savitri grew up as a beautiful woman. Her father was in search of a suitable husband for her. But he could not find a person who could win Savitri’s heart. Once Savitri heard about the prince Satyavan and fell in love with him.

One day Narada visited Ashwapati. While talking with Ashwapati, Narada saw Savitri. He asked Ashwapati the reason for Savitri not getting married till then. Then Ashwapati said to Savitri 'My girl, Did you listen? Tell me if you like someone. I will accept him and arrange your marriage with him'. Then Savitri replied 'I want to marry the prince Satyavan'. Ashwapati asked Narada about Satyavan. Narada said Satyavan is the son of the blind king Dyumatsena who lost his wealth and kingdom and was living in a forest. He speaks only the truth. So he was called as Satyavan. He is a handsome, kindhearted and intelligent person. Narada also said that Satyavan will die exactly one year after marriage. Listening to this Ashwapati was in a dilemma whether to accept Savitri's wish or not. But Savitri told her father that she would not marry anyone other than Satyavan. Ashwapati asked Narada what to do. Then Narada tells him that with the Virtuous deeds of Savitri, Satyavan will live his complete life.

Ashwapati takes Savitri to the forest where Satyavan lives and asks Satyavan to marry his daughter. After Savitri and Satyavans marriage, Ashwapati offers the couple some wealth. But they will not accept it. Savitri started living with Satyavan and his parents in that forest, counting the days of her husband. Exactly three days before the death of Satyavan, Savitri started fasting. On the last day, Savitri asks Satyavan that she would accompany him. Satyavan says 'you are so weak with your fasting. You cannot walk. Take some rest'. But Savitri says she wants to see the forest.  Satyavan accepted her wish since she did not ask him anything till then, after their marriage. Then this couple went into the forest and Satyavan started splitting the wood.

Suddenly Satyavan gets a severe headache and sits beside Savitri and lays his head on her lap and starts sleeping. After some time Savitri sees some black figure coming towards them and asks 'who are you and why did you come here?'. Then that person replies 'I am lord Yama. I have come here to take your husband's soul. Because of your virtuous deeds, you are able to see me'. Yama separates the soul of Satyavan from his body and moves in a dangerous way to Yamapuri. Hiding her husband's body near a banyan tree Savitri starts following Yama. Then Yama stops moving and says to Savitri 'you should not come with me'. Then Savitri replies 'I believe that wherever the husband stays his wife stays there. My husband's soul is with you. So I am coming with you. You are the person who follows all the dharmas. I had your visit and expected a boon from you.'. Then Yama says 'you can ask me any boon except your husband's life'. Savitri replies 'my father-in-law lost his eyes and his kingdom in the hands of his enemies. His eyes and kingdom should be restored'.

Then Yama grants her boon and starts moving. Savitri follows Yama again for a long distance. She confuses him with his dharmas and asks another boon. She asks Yama 'My father doesn't have sons. Bless my father with 100 sons'. Yama says ok and warns Savitri not to follow him. But Savitri starts following and says to Yama 'Wherever my husband stays I should stay there. I should follow my dharma. Our elders say that if we speak seven words with anyone they would become our relatives. I have come with you for this long distance. I would become your relative. It is our responsibility to fulfil our relative's wishes'. By watching her love on her husband and cleverness of Savitri, Yama replies 'Ask something you need. I would grant you'. Then Savitri asks her husband's life. Yama grants her wish and says 'Your husband can live for 400 years. He will be blessed with wealth and 100 sons'. After that Yama disappears. Savitri goes to the banyan tree where she hides her husband's body. Then she keeps Satyavan's head on her lap. Satyavan wakes up and says 'It was very late. Why didn't you wake me up? We should go home'. He also says to her that 'I felt like someone pulled me. Though it is a dream, I felt it like it was real'. Then Savitri replies 'I will tell you later what has happened'.

Then both of them went to their home. They see that Dyumatsenas was able to see. After that people from his kingdom have come to their house saying that their enemies died. They asked Satyavan to rule the Kingdom.

Savitri Vrat Rituals:

On this day women who wants to perform Savitri Vrat wake up early in the morning. They take holy baths and dress up traditionally. They wear bangles and jewellery. Most of the women also put henna or rangoli to their hands.

On this day banyan trees hold a lot of significance. Women offer Vermillion, sandalwood and flowers to the banyan tree and worship it. Married women observe fasting and tie a thread around the Banyan tree with the belief that it will prosper the life of their husband. They soak pulses overnight and offer it as prasad. After performing puja, women say or listen to Savitri and Satyavan's story.  Then they seek blessings from their husband and elders. Some devotees even donate food, clothes and money to the needy.


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