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Mahatma Gandhi believed that God is in truth and every human is liable to it. His thoughts motivated many people and established new colors to the Indian Culture.
Mohan Das Karam Chand Gandhi,a name Indians will remember for ages. Gandhi Jayanti is a national festival in India celebrated on the birthday of the great freedom fighter Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. Gandhi Jayanthi is celebrated yearly on 2nd of October. This is an officially declared national holiday in India.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, also known as Mahatma Gandhi, was born in a Hindu family in Gujarat on 2nd October 1869. His father, Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi, served as the Diwan (Chief Minister) of Porbandar State (present Gujarat State). Although his father had only elementary education and had an experience of working as a clerk, Karamchand demonstrated a capable Diwan for Porbandar state. On 2 October 1869, Putlibai gave birth to Mohandas, in a dim, austere ground-floored room of Gandhi family residence in Porbandar city.
In 1874, Gandhi's father, Karamchand left Porbandar to the smaller state of Rajkot, where he turned into an instructor to its ruler, the Thakur Sahib; however Rajkot was a less lofty state than Porbandar, the British local political office was located there, which gave the state's diwan a division of security. In 1876, Karamchand progressed toward becoming the diwan of Rajkot and was prevailing as Diwan of Porbandar by his sibling Tulsidas.
In 1883, Gandhiji was married to 14 years old Kasturbai Makhanji Kapadia when he was 13 years old. In 1887, Gandhi was graduated from a high school in Ahmedabad.
As a youngster, Gandhi was described by his sister Raliat as "anxious as mercury, either playing or roaming around. One of his most loved activity was twisting dogs' ears." Gandhi was influenced by the great Indian classics Shravan and King Harishchandra. Gandhi grew up revering the Hindu god Vishnu and following Jainism, an ethically thorough antiquated Indian religion that embraced peacefulness, fasting, reflection, and vegetarianism.
Amid Gandhi's first remain in London, from 1888 to 1891, he turned out to be more dedicated to a meatless eating regimen, joining the official board of trustees of the London Vegetarian Society and began to peruse an assortment of hallowed writings to learn more about world religions.
While living in South Africa, Gandhi continued to study world religions. “The religious spirit within me became a living force,” he wrote while he was in South Africa. He submerged himself in the holy Hindu spiritual messages and embraced the life of straightforwardness, somberness, fasting, and chastity
In 1915, Gandhi established an ashram in Ahmedabad, India, that was available to all castes. Wearing a basic loincloth and shawl, Gandhi carried on with a simple life dedicated to prayer, fasting, and meditation.
In 1932, Gandhi, at the time detained in India, set out on a six-day quick visit to object the British decisions to separate the "untouchables," those on the most minimal rung of India's caste system, by dispensing them detach electorates. The general people's objection constrained the British to revise the proposal.
In the late evening of January 30, 1948, the 78-year-old Gandhi, debilitated from recurred hunger strikes, clung to his two grandnieces as they drove him from his living quarters in New Delhi's Birla House to a prayer gathering. Hindu fanatic Nathuram Godse, agitated about Gandhi's resilience of Muslims, stooped before the Mahatma before hauling out a self-loader gun and shooting him three times at point-blank range.
Mahatma Gandhi was the pioneer of India’s non-violent independence movement against the British government and in South Africa who upheld for the civil rights of Indians. Born in Porbandar, India, Gandhi taught law and organized boycotts against British foundations in peaceful forms of common rebellion.
In 1906, Gandhi started his first mass civil-indiscipline campaign called "Satyagraha", against the South African Transvaal government's new confinements on the rights of Indians, including the refusal to recognize Hindu relational unions.
After a series of protests, the British government released many Indian prisoners in 1913, including Gandhi. The South African government accepted a compromise proposed by Gandhi and General Jan Christian Smuts that included acceptance of Hindu relational unions and the nullification of poll taxes for Indians.
In 1919, with India still under complete control of the British, Gandhi had a political stirring when the newly sanctioned Rowlatt Act approved British specialists to imprison people associated with rebellion acts from jail. Accordingly, Gandhi required a Satyagraha battle of peaceful dissents and strikes. Instead, violence broke out and killed nearly 400 people by the troops led by British Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer. With this inhuman act, Gandhi returned all the Medals he earned for his military service in South Africa to the British Government and opposed Britain's military drafts supposed to serve in World War 1.
Gandhi also lead Home-rule movement, calling people to boycott government schools, government offices, paying taxes and buying British goods. Gandhi started using a spinning wheel to produce his own clothes. Later, the spinning wheel become a symbol of Indian Independence and Self-reliance.
On 12th March 1930, Gandhi and his followers started to march from his Ashram near Sabarmati (near Ahmedabad) to a small coastal town called Dandi. This is led by Mahatma Gandhi to oppose British policy by making salt from Sea Water. The march had a trek of 240 miles in 24 days. Eventually, the British government had to release the protests from prison and allowed people to make their own salt.
Gandhiji wrote days before the march to the Viceroy, Lord Irwin, “My ambition is no less than to convert the British people through non-violence and thus make them see the wrong they have done to India”
Gandhi started Quit India movement in 1942 with a motive to boycott British rule in India. British Government arrested Gandhi and his followers in April 1942 and detained them in Aga Khan Palace. With his health condition failing, Gandhi was released after 19 months of detainment.
The Indian Independence negotiations began after the Labour Party defeated Churchill's Conservatives. Gandhiji’s role was crucial in Independence negotiations. Yet he could not achieve his dream of unified India, there's a religious line drawn between India & Pakistan and divided into 2 countries. Eventually, India got Independence on 15th August 1947.
"God is the Truth. The way to truth lies through Ahimsa", said Gandhi on 13th March 1927
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