LORD GANESHA GAYATRI MANTRA
  • START - - -
  • Om lambodaraya vidmahe, mahodaraya dhimahi,
  • Tano danti prachodayat. |
  • Om mahakarnay vidmahe, vakratundaya dhimahi,
  • Tano danti prachodayat. |
  • Om ekadantaya vidmahe, vakratundaya dhimahi,
  • Tano danti prachodayat. |
  • Om tathapurusaya vidmahe, vakratundaya dhimahi,
  • Tano danti prachodayat. |
  • - - - END |

Facts that you must know about Chhatrapati Shivaji Jayanti

  • Home
  • Occasions
  • Facts that you must know about Chhatrapati Shivaji Jayanti
make-your-own-greetings

Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Jayanthi Celebrated on 19th February Every Year

Shivaji Jayanthi is the birth anniversary of the legendary king Shivaji which is celebrated on 19th February every year. Maharaj Shivaji is one of the bravest rulers of India. He was a great Maratha emperor and the founder of the Maratha Kingdom in western India.

 shivaji-jayanthi-amewoo   

He is considered as a great warrior and civil administrator. With his great courage to face enemies and administrative skills, Shivaji established an enclave from the declining Adil Shahi Sultanate of Bijapur which gradually led to the formation of the Maratha Empire. He is well known for his innovative military tactics to defeat his enemies.

Chhatrapati Shivaji’s Birth and Childhood:

In the 17th century, there was a military leader Shahaji Raje Bhosale who served the Bijapur Sultanate, the Ahmadnagar Sultanate and the Mughal Empire at various points in his career. The couple Shahaji Raje Bhosale and Jijabai were blessed with three children. One of them was Shivaji.  Maharaja Shivaji was born on 19th February 1630 at Shivneri Fort, Pune district in Maharashtra.

Shivaji was very close to his mother. She was a religious woman. She taught him a strict sense of right and wrong. Shivaji’s father Shahaji spent most of his time outside of Pune. So he gave the responsibility of Shivaji’s education to a small council of ministers which includes Peshwa, Mazumdar, etc. He also appointed Kanhoji Jedhe and Baji Pasalkar to train Shivaji in the military and martial arts. From a very young age, Shivaji was very active and turned out to be a born leader. By the age of 15, he gathered a band of faithful soldiers who later helped him in his early conquests.

Chhatrapati Shivaji’s Conquests and Coronation:

By the age of 17, he seized Toma fort, Rajgad fort and Kondana fort. He expanded his kingdom with the use of guerrilla tactics. To stop Shivaji, Mohammed Adil shah gave an order to imprison Shahaji in 1648. So, in agreement with Adil Shah, Shivaji stopped his attack for the next seven years. Shahaji was released on this condition. During this time, slowly Shivaji built a huge army commanded by Netaji Palkar and had 40 forts under his domain. This created fear in Sultan of Bijapur. So, in 1659 AD Badi Sahiba of Bijapur sent Afzal Khan with an army of 10,000 soldiers to attack Shivaji.  Afzal Khan was very cruel and brutal. He planned to attack Shivaji indirectly. So, he destroyed many Hindu temples and killed many civilians. Shivaji hid in Pratapgad fort covered by dense forest and employed guerrilla tactics. With a plan to kill Shivaji, Afzal Khan called Shivaji to meet him personally and make an agreement between them to stop their fight for a certain time. On meeting Shivaji, Afzal khan pretends like hugging him and tries to kill Shivaji with a dragger. But Shivaji was saved by his armour and Afzal khan's attempt was failed. Shivaji killed Afzal khan with tiger claws. And in the Battle of Pratapgarh, Maratha soldiers killed 3000 Bijapur soldiers. Shocked by this Mohammed Adil Shah sent a large army under the command of General Rustam Zaman to fight with Shivaji in the Battle of Kolhapur in 1659 AD. Shivaji declared his victory as the general ran away from the battle to save his life.

In 1660 AD, Mohammed Adil Shah sent his general Siddi Jauhar to attack Shivaji from the southern border and besieged the fort of Panhala cutting off supply routes to the fort. Shivaji arranged a false meeting with Siddi Jauhar and convinced Mohammed Adil Shan that Siddi Jauhar was a traitor. While both of them were fighting internally, Shivaji escaped with 5000 soldiers from Panhala fort. At this time, Baji Prabhu Deshpande who is one of the greatest Maratha warriors continued the war. Baji Prabhu Deshpande held back part of the army with only 700 men and fought very bravely till Shivaji reached Vishalgarh safely. Later Shivaji recaptured the fort of Panhala in 1673.

Shivaji’s conflicts with Bijapur Sultanate and his continuous victories brought him to the notice of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. Aurangzeb considered him as a threat to the expansion of his imperial intent and concentrated on his efforts on destroying the Maratha threat completely. So, Aurangzeb sent his maternal uncle Shaista Khan to attack Shivaji with a strong army of 15000. Shaista Khan with the army seized Pune and established his residence at Lal Mahal, one of the palaces of Shivaji. Shivaji entered Pune with a troop of 400 followers covering as a wedding procession. At night Shivaji attacked Shaista Khan directly. But Shaista Khan saved himself from Shivaji’s sword by jumping down from the window. Then Shivaji attacked Surat which is an important Mughal trading centre and stole Mughal’s wealth. By knowing this Aurangzeb was very angry on Shivaji and sent chief general Jai Singh I with an army of 150,000 to attack Shivaji. Shivaji came to an agreement with Aurangzeb to prevent further loss of life. He also agreed to pay compensation of 400,000 hunas to Mughal Empire and surrender 23 of his forts.

With the aim to use his military powers and make strong Mughal empire in Afghanistan, Aurangzeb invited Shivaji to Agra and offered a place in his Mughal Court. Shivaji with his eight years old son Sambhaji travelled to Agra. Aurangzeb insulted Shivaji and placed him under house arrest. Shivaji used his tactics to escape from imprisonment. Shivaji pretended like he was suffering from severe illness and arranged baskets of sweets and gifts to be sent to the temple as offerings to the god. In one of the carriers, he hid his son and escaped from the imprisonment. After that, within four months, Shivaji recovered most of his territories seized by Mughals.

From 1671 to 1674, Aurangzeb tried very hard to bring Shivaji under his control but failed. In addition to this, Adil Shan died in 1672 and Bijapur fell into disarray. Finally, Shivaji was crowned as the king of Marathas in a lavish Hindu ceremony at Raigad, following the customs which had not been followed for centuries.

Later at the age of 52, Shivaji fell ill with fever and took his last breathe. Aurangzeb thought that, with the death of Shivaji, Maratha kingdom would be over but it was continued by his son Sambhaji and later by Chatrapathi Rajaram.

Maharaj Shivaji has several titles. He is called as Chatrapathi(one who takes care of people by protecting them like an umbrella), Kshatriya Kulavantas (head of Kshatriyas),  Shakakarta (founder of an era) and Haindava Dharmodhhaarak (one who uplifts the importance and inviolability of Hinduism). Not only his military achievements but also his administration skills made him a great king. He never discriminated any religion. All his generals including his personal bodyguards were Muslims. He never disrespected women. He used guerrilla warfare and a strategic mind to build a navy and a network of forts. He started initially with 4 forts and 2000 men. But by the time of his death he had 300 forts and 100,000 men.

Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Jayanthi Celebrations:

After Shivaji, many rulers have come, but his majesty is still remembered and the glory of the great ruler is still alive in our minds. So we celebrate Shivaji Jayanthi to pay respect to the great king Shivaji. Shivaji’s Jayanthi is observed on 19th February every year. As he was a person who created the Maratha nation by uniting several Maratha Chiefs, he is considered as a hero by the people of Maharashtra. Many public buildings are named after him. He has not only created the Maratha Empire but also introduced many revolutionary plans for the benefits of people. He is a great legend for the whole nation.

In Maharashtra Schools, colleges and offices declare holiday on this day. Several processions take place all over the state where people dress up as Shivaji and his subordinates and plays dramas depicting the life of Shivaji. Speeches are given by government officials on Shivaji’s life and his relevance in Modern India. Several programmes are organized to remind the great deeds done by the legendary ruler Shivaji.


Related Articles

19 February
New year History-Greetings-Messages-Wishes-Quotes

New Year Celebrated on 1st January 2020 New Year 2019: Here are some keen new year messages, wishes, quotes that you can send on the…

19 February
Subash Chandra Bose Jayanti:A Tribute to the Greatest Ever...

Subhas Chandra Bose Jayanti Held on 23rd January Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose was born on 23rd January in the year 1897.  He was an Indian…

19 February
Republic Day  History and Latest Updates

Republic Day Celebrated on 26th January Every Month The Constitution of India came into existence on 26th January 1950 with the replacement of the Government…

19 February
Gandhi Punyatithi - Why Nathuram Godse killed Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi Punyatithi Held on 30th January of Every Year The day on which Mahatma Gandhi died is also celebrated as the “Shaheed Diwas” or…

19 February
World Cancer Day Theme and Motto

World Cancer Day Celebrated on 4th February Every Year This day was founded by UICC (Union for International Cancer Control) with a goal to reduce…

19 February
All You Need to Know About the Rose Day in Valentine Week

Rose Day is celebrated on 7th February every year Love is a beautiful emotion. It is a mixture of feelings and actions that shows a…

19 February
All You Need to Know About the Propose Day in Valentine Week

Propose Day is celebrated on 8th February every year The best thing in this world is being loved by someone you love. But how will…

19 February
All You Need to Know About the Chocolate Day in Valentine Week

Chocolate Day is celebrated on 9th February every Year Do you love chocolates? Yes of course. Most of the people love eating chocolates. Who says…

19 February
Guru Ravidas Jayanti Date, Time  and life History

Guru Ravidas Ji Jayanti Celebrated on 9th February 2020 In the month of Magh (January) the birthday of Guru Ravidass is celebrated on Magh Purnima…

19 February
All You Need to Know About the Teddy Day in Valentine Week

Propose Day is celebrated on 10th February every Year Generally, girls have a lot of sweet memories attached to soft toys. Most of the girls…

19 February
All You Need to Know About the Promise Day in Valentine Week

Promise Day is celebrated on 11th February every year   A promise is a declaration or assurance given to someone that we will definitely do…

19 February
All You Need to Know About the Hug Day in Valentine Week

Hug Day is celebrated on 12th February every year  A hug is an expression of love and care. It makes a person feel safe and…

19 February
All You Need to Know About the Kiss Day in Valentine Week

Kiss Day is celebrated on 13th February every year LOVE - It is not just a word, it is a feeling. With a kiss, we…

19 February
Sarojini Naidu’s (1879) Birth Anniversary

Sarojini Naidu’s (1879) Birth Anniversary Celebrated on 13th February Every Year Birth Anniversary of Sarojini Naidu is celebrated as National Women's Day of India by…

19 February
Valentine’s Day History and Why it is Called Valentine’s Day

Valentine Day Celebrated on 14th February of Every Year Valentine's Day also called: Saint Valentine's Day or the Feast of Saint Valentine What is Valentine’s…

19 February
Facts that you must know about Chhatrapati Shivaji Jayanti

Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Jayanthi Celebrated on 19th February Every Year Shivaji Jayanthi is the birth anniversary of the legendary king Shivaji which is celebrated on…

19 February
Swami Sri Ramakrishna Paramahansa Birthday and Jayanthi fact

Ramakrishna Paramahansa Born on 18th February 1836 Ramakrishna Paramahansa Jayanthi on 25th February Every Year Ramakrishna Paramahansa was a great saint, mystic and a spiritual…

19 February
National Science Day - CV Raman - Nobel Prize in Physics

National Science Day Celebrated on 28th February Every Year Science!  It is not just innovation and technology. It is the curiosity that helped people to…

19 February
International Womens Day:Things You Must Know About this Day

International women's day Celebrated on 8th March  of Every Year The theme for the 2019 Women’s Day is ‘Think equal, build smart, innovate for change’.…

19 February
Shaheed Diwas :The Story of Our Unforgotten Heroes (Martyrs Day)

Shaheed Diwas (Second) Celebrated on 23rd March of Every Year Shaheed Diwas was celebrated two time in a year- First Martyr’s Day:30th January- Second Martyr’s…

19 February
Utkal Divas or Odisha Day in Odisha

Odisha Utkal Divas Celebrated on 1st April every year Utkal Divas is the celebration of state formation day of Odisha. Before 1936 Odisha is united…

19 February
Vashishtha Narayan Singh (2 April 1946 – 14 November 2019)

Vashishtha Narayan Singh (2 April 1946 – 14 November 2019) Vashishtha Narayan Singh was a mathematical genius who led a life of apathy and neglect.…

19 February
Pana Sankranti and Odisha New Year

Pana Sankranti and Odisha New Year Celebrated on 13th April 2020 Pana Sankranti is one of the important festivals that is celebrated in Orissa. Pana…

19 February
Importance of National Festival of Van Mahotsav week

Van Mahotsav Celebrated on 1st July to 7th July Have you ever thought about how our earth would be without trees? Can’t imagine right? There…

19 February
Why do we celebrate Friendship Day on First Sunday of August

Friendship Day Celebrated on 4th August 2019 The Greatest Gift of Life We chat every day. Sometimes a serious conversation, and other times quite a…

19 February
Why do we celebrate Independence day - Our freedom struggle

73rd Independence day Celebrated on 15th August 2019 Why do we celebrate Independence day? Independence day is celebrated as our national festival on 15th August…

19 February
Why Do We Need to Celebrate the Teachers Day in Our Lives

Teachers Day and Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishna Celebrated on 5th September Every Year "Some people call him Teacher, some people call him mentor, some people call…

19 February
Hindi Diwas and Hindi language why we celebrated on 14th Sep

Hindi Diwas and Hindi language Celebrated on 14th September 2019 Hindi is a language that serves to unify our diverse country into one thread. The Hindi…

19 February
Engineers Day: Why is it celebrated on 15th September

Engineers Day Celebrated on 15th September 2019 The year 2019 will mark the 51st anniversary of Engineer's Day in India and the 158th anniversary of…

19 February
World Tourism Day : The World is an amazing place to live

World Tourism Day Celebrated on 27th September 2019 The purpose of this is to spread awareness among the international community of tourism and to encourage…

19 February
World Heart Day:Why Do You Need to Look After Your Heart...

World Heart Day Celebrated on 29th September 2019 Join the World Heart Day and take the first step towards living a healthy life. Worldwide to…

19 February
National Voluntary Blood Donation Day - Be a Hero Give Blood

National Voluntary Blood Donation Day Celebrated on 1st October 2019 The purpose of this is to make people aware of the importance of blood in…

19 February
Know more about Gandhi Jayanti History in India

Gandhi Jayanti Celebrated on 2nd October Every Year Mahatma Gandhi believed that God is in truth and every human is liable to it. His thoughts…

19 February
Who is Columbus and Why some states are do not like Columbus

Columbus Day Celebrated on 8th October Every Year Columbus day is celebrated on 8th of October every year. This is a national holiday in many…

19 February
Know About the World Food Day Most Important Things

World Food Day Celebrated on 10th October 2019 Eating is not merely a material pleasure. Eating well gives a spectacular joy to life and contributes…

19 February
Why You Should Focus More on this World Savings Day

World Savings Day Celebrated on 20th October 2019 Become the master of your money not it’s servant There is a huge gap between the rich…

19 February
Sri Sathya sai baba Birthday and Quotes

Sathya Sai Baba Story : Sathya Sai Baba was born on 23rd November 1926 and was named Sathyanarayana Raju, he left his followers on 24th  April…

19 February
What is Christmas and  Why we are Celebrated on the 25th December

Christmas Celebrated on 25th December 2019 The Lord Jehovah loved the world so much and he sent his only son Jesus to the world to…


Write Your Rating and Suggestion Here

Leave a comment:

Latest posts

Facebook Page

© 2018. Amewoo. All Rights Reserved.