• START - - -
  • Om lambodaraya vidmahe, mahodaraya dhimahi,
  • Tano danti prachodayat. |
  • Om mahakarnay vidmahe, vakratundaya dhimahi,
  • Tano danti prachodayat. |
  • Om ekadantaya vidmahe, vakratundaya dhimahi,
  • Tano danti prachodayat. |
  • Om tathapurusaya vidmahe, vakratundaya dhimahi,
  • Tano danti prachodayat. |
  • - - - END |

Rabindranath Tagore Jayanthi: Author of Indian National Anthem Jana Gana Mana

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Rabindranath Tagore Jayanti: 7th May 2020 (India) and 8th May 2020 (Bangladesh)

Rabindranath Tagore Jayanthi is the birth anniversary of Rabindranath Tagore. Rabindranath Tagore Jayanthi falls on the 25th day of Baisakh according to Hindu calendar. It falls on or near 7th May as per the Gregorian calendar. .

Rabindranath Tagore is a great Bengali poet, novelist, playwright, scholar, philosopher, humanist, and Nobel laureate. He is popularly known as Kabiguru. Rabindranath was best known for his contribution to literature and politics. For his contribution to World Literature, he received the Nobel Prize in 1913. Rabindranath was the first person from Asia to receive the Nobel Prize. He was the author of Indian national anthem Jana Gana Mana. It was his best composition. He also wrote national anthems for West Bengal and Srilanka. He was the founder of Visva Bharati University in Santiniketan, West Bengal. He never believed in the idea of classroom teaching and introduced the idea of classes being held amidst nature. This practice is still followed in the Visva Bharati University.


Life of Rabindranath Tagore:

Rabindranath was born on 7th May 1861 to a Brahmin couple Debendranath Tagore and Sarada Devi in Jorasanko mansion, Calcutta, India. He was the youngest sibling among thirteen children in his family. Rabindranath lost his mother when he was small. His father was an extensive traveler. So he was brought up by maids and servants. Rabindranath's family was part of the Bengal renaissance which took active participation. From childhood, he was a multi-talented person who had a great desire to learn new things. He started writing poems at the age of 8. At the age of 16, he composed his artworks and published them under the pseudonym Bhanusimha. In 1877 he wrote the short story Bhikharini and in 1882 he wrote the poem collection Sandhya Sangit.

One of his brothers was a poet and philosopher, a sister was a novelist and a brother was in a respectable position. So, some of his writings were influenced by his brothers and sisters. He was mostly trained and home-schooled by his siblings. Some of the subjects he was trained in include art, literature, gymnastics, martial arts, history, mathematics, etc. He traveled to many places with his father and toured for many months. He traveled to Amritsar where he learned about Sikhism. With his experience there he wrote six poems and many more articles on that religion.

Tagore was sent to England in 1878. His education began at a public school in England. His father wanted him to become a barrister. But he was not interested in it. So he dropped out and learned several works of Shakespeare. He returned to India after learning the essence of English, Scottish, and Irish literature and music. Then he was married to Mrinalini Devi who was just 10 years old.

Tagore’s father bought huge land in Santiniketan. He shifted the base to Santiniketan in 1901 and founded an ashram on his father’s property with the idea of establishing an experimental school. There the classes were held under the trees following the traditional Guru-Shishya method of teaching. Tagore wants to prove that ancient methods of teaching are beneficial than the modern methods of teaching. When they were staying at Santiniketan his wife and two of his children died. But he continued his writings in spite of that. During that time his works were becoming popular amongst the Bengali as well as the foreign readers. People from various countries admired his works.

Tagore was keen on spreading his ideologies across the world. So he traveled to many countries like Japan and the United States where he lectured. He caught the attention of many legendary poets with his translated works. When he was visiting Mexico, Rome, and Singapore, he met important personalities like Einstein and Mussolini and some of our national leaders. He gained recognition all over the world. In 1927 he went on a Southeast Asian tour and inspired many people with his wisdom and literary works.

Rabindranath Tagore's Works:

Rabindranath contributed to Indian literature and music. His contributions were unforgettable. Even today people like reading his novels and short stories. He wrote essays, songs on personal and political issues. For some of the writings, he took the ideas from Upanishads and Vedas.

Rabindranath started writing dramas and stories at the age of 16. At the age of 20, he wrote a drama Valmiki Prathibha. It was the first drama written by him. Among the dramas written by Rabindranath, Visarjan is the best one. Some of the other dramas Rabindranath wrote are Chitrangada, Chandrika, Shyama, etc.

In 1877 the first short story written by Rabindranath was released. Initially, the short stories written by him reflected the surroundings in which he grew. After that, he wrote stories on social issues and problems of the poor man. He also wrote stories on the downside of the Hindu marriages and several other traditional customs that were part of our country.  Some of the famous short stories written by Rabindranath are Kabuliwala, Kshudita Pashan, Haimanti, etc.Rabindranath’s novels are mostly underappreciated. The reason for this is his style of narrating. He had a unique style of narrating a story which made it difficult for the readers to read. In his novels, he wrote about the impending dangers of nationalism among other social events. Some of his novels are Gora, Chaturanga, Ghare Baire, Jogajog, etc.

He was inspired by the classical poetry of Kalidasa and started writing classical poems. He was also inspired by Kabir and Ramprasad Sen. We can find his writing style is similar to the 15th and 16th-century works of classical poets. Some of his best works are Balaka, Sonar Tori, Purobi, and Gitanjali. Tagore thinks that nationalism was wrong. But he wrote politically charged songs for Indian Independence. He received Knighthood from the British. But after the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, he said that Knighthood meant nothing to him when they failed to consider the other Indians as humans.

At the age of 60, he focused on drawing and painting. He was influenced by  Haida carvings belonging to the West coast of Canada, the craftwork of Malanggan people belonging to Ireland, and woodcuts by Max Pechstein. We can find 102 artworks of Tagore in the National Gallery of Modern Art in New Delhi. It was believed that due to kidney failure Tagore died on August 7th, 1941 in Jorasanko mansion where he was brought up.

Rabindranath Tagore Jayanthi Celebrations:

Rabindranath Tagore Jayanthi is celebrated on 7th May every year. Not only in India but also people across West Bengal remember his works on his birth anniversary. Because of his writing skills and innovative thinking, he was globally renowned.

This day is celebrated in a grand way in West Bengal. Cultural events related to Tagore’s works are performed in schools, colleges, and also in some localities near and around Jorasanko Thakur Bari (the birthplace of Rabindranath). The cultural activities that are conducted on this day include dances, songs, dramas, and recitals. Foreigners who are studying in the Visva Bharati University also take part in these cultural events. In West Bengal, we find students singing songs, reciting poems, or organizing a play related to Rabindranath literary work. We can even find that most of the households play Rabindranath’s songs from morning till night. 

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