• START - - -
  • Om lambodaraya vidmahe, mahodaraya dhimahi,
  • Tano danti prachodayat. |
  • Om mahakarnay vidmahe, vakratundaya dhimahi,
  • Tano danti prachodayat. |
  • Om ekadantaya vidmahe, vakratundaya dhimahi,
  • Tano danti prachodayat. |
  • Om tathapurusaya vidmahe, vakratundaya dhimahi,
  • Tano danti prachodayat. |
  • - - - END |

Sarojini Naidu’s (1879) Birth Anniversary


Sarojini Naidu’s (1879) Birth Anniversary Celebrated on 13th February Every Year

Birth Anniversary of Sarojini Naidu is celebrated as National Women's Day of India by many Indian groups. In recognition of her works for the upliftment and development of women in India, Sarojini Naidu's Birth Anniversary was proposed to celebrate as National Women's Day in India by Bharatiya Mahila Sangh and Akhila Bhartiya Mahila Sammelan.



Sarojini Naidu was a great poet, feminist, leader, and a freedom fighter. She was the first woman governor of any state in India. And she was the second woman in India to become the president of the Indian National Congress. She was called "The Nightingale of India".

Sarojini Naidu’s Childhood and Education:

She was born in a Bengali Hindu family in Hyderabad, on February 13th, 1879. Her father Aghore Nath Chattopadhyay was the principal of Nizam College of Hyderabad. He was also a scientist and a philosopher. Her mother Barada Sundari Devi was a poet in the Bengali language. Aghore Nath Chattopadhyay was a socio-political activist. So he was dismissed from his position of principal. Sarojini Naidu had two brothers Harindranath Chattopadhyay, Virendranath Chattopadhyay and one sister Sunalini Devi. One of her brothers was a political activist who is influenced by Communism. Another brother was a poet. Her sister was a dancer and actress.

Sarojini Naidu was very talented in her childhood. Her father wanted her to become a scientist or a mathematician. Her younger brother used to write poems. From him, Sarojini Naidu was inspired and started to write English poems from her school days and became a great poet. She was proficient in English, Telugu, Urdu, Bengali and Persian languages. She completed her matriculation from the University of Madras in the first division, at the age of twelve.

With her prodigious literary skills, she wrote a 1300 lines poem in English under the title "The Lady of the Lake". Impressed by this, her father encouraged her. Later she wrote a play "Maher Muneer" in the Persian language with her father's assistance. Sarojini's father Aghore Nath Chattopadhyay distributed some copies of this play to relatives and friends. He also sent a copy of this play to the Hyderabad Nizam. Nizam was impressed by the work of the child and granted her a scholarship to study abroad. She went to King's College in London and Girton Cambridge for higher studies.

Her study of English Literature increased her contacts in the literary world. She met prominent English authors like Arthur Simon and Edmond Gausse who inspired her to write on themes relevant to India. They advised her to be a genuine Indian poet of Deccan. After that, she became a member of the Royal Literary Society in London. She was honored with Doctorates of several Universities.

Sarojini Naidu’s marriage life:

Sarojini met Govindarajulu Naidu a physician while she was taking her graduation and fell in love with him. After returning to India, she married him in 1895 with his family's blessings. At that time inter-caste marriages were not allowed in Indian society. As Naidu was a non-brahmin, they were married by the Brahmo Marriage Act(1872). This couple was blessed with four children Jayasurya, Padmaja, Randheer, and Leilamani.

Sarojini Naidu’s Role in Indian Freedom Fight:

She was deeply influenced by the partition of Bengal in 1905. So she decided to join the Indian freedom fight. She went into politics with the inspiration of Gopal Krishna Gokhale. She met him regularly who in turn introduced her to the other leaders of the Indian freedom movement. She was closely involved with the Indian National Congress in the freedom movement. After joining the Indian National Congress, she left her poetic aspirations for the sake of the country. She visited London to Round Table Conference as an Indian representative.

In 1916, she met Jawaharlal Nehru, worked with him for disheartening conditions of the Indigo workers of Champaran in Bihar and fought with the British for their rights. She traveled all over India to deliver speeches on the welfare of youth, nationalism, the dignity of labor and women emancipation. In 1917, she helped Annie Besant and other prominent leaders in founding the Women's India Association. She presented the need to involve more women in the freedom struggle to the Indian National Congress. As the flag-bearer of Indian Nationalist Struggle, she traveled to the United States of America and many European countries. Sarojini Naidu actively supported Mahatma Gandhi in all his campaigns. She was very active in the Civil Disobedience Movement, Satyagraha Movement, and the Quit India Movement. When Mahatma Gandhi was arrested in 1930 after Salt March to Dandi, she led Satyagraha with other leaders. She was responsible for spreading Gandhian principles and establishing him as the icon of peace. She gave many social reforms and women empowerment lessons to women to charge them for our freedom fight. She was sent to jail many times in 1930, 1932 and 1942. Her arrest in 1942 led to imprisonment for 21 months. She became the president of the Indian National Congress as a result of her selfless contribution to the cause of freedom. After the independence of India in 1947, she was made as to the governor of Uttar Pradesh for her active participation in the Indian National Congress.

Besides playing an important role in the Indian National Movement, Sarojini Naidu also contributed to the field of poetry. She transformed her works into songs and sing them as well. So she was called as "The Nightingale of India" because of her voice.

She wrote on nature as well as of patriotism. She published her first book, a collection of poems, in 1905, under the title "Golden Threshold". She also published two other collections namely, " The Bird of Time" and "The Broken Wings". These two collections attracted huge readers in India and England. She also penned articles and essays like "Words of Freedom" on her political beliefs and social issues like the empowerment of women.

She lived her life by her words- " As long as I have life, as long as blood flows through this arm of mine, I shall not leave the cause of freedom…I am only a woman, only a poet. But as a woman, I give you the weapons of faith and courage and the shield of fortitude. And as a poet, I fling out the banner of song and sound, the bugle call to battle. How shall I kindle the flame which shall waken you men from slavery… ". Sarojini Naidu took her last breathe at Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh on 2nd March 1949. Her childhood residence was made as " University of Hyderabad" by her family. To honor her, the University renamed its "School of Fine Arts and Communication" as "Sarojini Naidu School of Arts and Communication".

Related Articles

13 February
New year History-Greetings-Messages-Wishes-Quotes

New Year Celebrated on 1st January 2020 New Year 2019: Here are some keen new year messages, wishes, quotes that you can send on the…

13 February
Subash Chandra Bose Jayanti:A Tribute to the Greatest Ever...

Subhas Chandra Bose Jayanti Held on 23rd January Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose was born on 23rd January in the year 1897.  He was an Indian…

13 February
Republic Day  History and Latest Updates

Republic Day Celebrated on 26th January Every Month The Constitution of India came into existence on 26th January 1950 with the replacement of the Government…

13 February
Gandhi Punyatithi - Why Nathuram Godse killed Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi Punyatithi Held on 30th January of Every Year The day on which Mahatma Gandhi died is also celebrated as the “Shaheed Diwas” or…

13 February
World Cancer Day Theme and Motto

World Cancer Day Celebrated on 4th February Every Year This day was founded by UICC (Union for International Cancer Control) with a goal to reduce…

13 February
All You Need to Know About the Rose Day in Valentine Week

Rose Day is celebrated on 7th February every year Love is a beautiful emotion. It is a mixture of feelings and actions that shows a…

13 February
All You Need to Know About the Propose Day in Valentine Week

Propose Day is celebrated on 8th February every year The best thing in this world is being loved by someone you love. But how will…

13 February
All You Need to Know About the Chocolate Day in Valentine Week

Chocolate Day is celebrated on 9th February every Year Do you love chocolates? Yes of course. Most of the people love eating chocolates. Who says…

13 February
Guru Ravidas Jayanti Date, Time  and life History

Guru Ravidas Ji Jayanti Celebrated on 9th February 2020 In the month of Magh (January) the birthday of Guru Ravidass is celebrated on Magh Purnima…

13 February
All You Need to Know About the Teddy Day in Valentine Week

Propose Day is celebrated on 10th February every Year Generally, girls have a lot of sweet memories attached to soft toys. Most of the girls…

13 February
All You Need to Know About the Promise Day in Valentine Week

Promise Day is celebrated on 11th February every year   A promise is a declaration or assurance given to someone that we will definitely do…

13 February
All You Need to Know About the Hug Day in Valentine Week

Hug Day is celebrated on 12th February every year  A hug is an expression of love and care. It makes a person feel safe and…

13 February
All You Need to Know About the Kiss Day in Valentine Week

Kiss Day is celebrated on 13th February every year LOVE - It is not just a word, it is a feeling. With a kiss, we…

13 February
Sarojini Naidu’s (1879) Birth Anniversary

Sarojini Naidu’s (1879) Birth Anniversary Celebrated on 13th February Every Year Birth Anniversary of Sarojini Naidu is celebrated as National Women's Day of India by…

13 February
Valentine’s Day History and Why it is Called Valentine’s Day

Valentine Day Celebrated on 14th February of Every Year Valentine's Day also called: Saint Valentine's Day or the Feast of Saint Valentine What is Valentine’s…

13 February
Facts that you must know about Chhatrapati Shivaji Jayanti

Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Jayanthi Celebrated on 19th February Every Year Shivaji Jayanthi is the birth anniversary of the legendary king Shivaji which is celebrated on…

13 February
Swami Sri Ramakrishna Paramahansa Birthday and Jayanthi fact

Ramakrishna Paramahansa Born on 18th February 1836 Ramakrishna Paramahansa Jayanthi on 25th February Every Year Ramakrishna Paramahansa was a great saint, mystic and a spiritual…

13 February
National Science Day - CV Raman - Nobel Prize in Physics

National Science Day Celebrated on 28th February Every Year Science!  It is not just innovation and technology. It is the curiosity that helped people to…

13 February
International Womens Day:Things You Must Know About this Day

International women's day Celebrated on 8th March  of Every Year The theme for the 2019 Women’s Day is ‘Think equal, build smart, innovate for change’.…

13 February
Shaheed Diwas :The Story of Our Unforgotten Heroes (Martyrs Day)

Shaheed Diwas (Second) Celebrated on 23rd March of Every Year Shaheed Diwas was celebrated two time in a year- First Martyr’s Day:30th January- Second Martyr’s…

13 February
Utkal Divas or Odisha Day in Odisha

Odisha Utkal Divas Celebrated on 1st April every year Utkal Divas is the celebration of state formation day of Odisha. Before 1936 Odisha is united…

13 February
Vashishtha Narayan Singh (2 April 1946 – 14 November 2019)

Vashishtha Narayan Singh (2 April 1946 – 14 November 2019) Vashishtha Narayan Singh was a mathematical genius who led a life of apathy and neglect.…

13 February
Pana Sankranti and Odisha New Year

Pana Sankranti and Odisha New Year Celebrated on 13th April 2020 Pana Sankranti is one of the important festivals that is celebrated in Orissa. Pana…

13 February
Importance of National Festival of Van Mahotsav week

Van Mahotsav Celebrated on 1st July to 7th July Have you ever thought about how our earth would be without trees? Can’t imagine right? There…

13 February
Why do we celebrate Friendship Day on First Sunday of August

Friendship Day Celebrated on 4th August 2019 The Greatest Gift of Life We chat every day. Sometimes a serious conversation, and other times quite a…

13 February
Why do we celebrate Independence day - Our freedom struggle

73rd Independence day Celebrated on 15th August 2019 Why do we celebrate Independence day? Independence day is celebrated as our national festival on 15th August…

13 February
Why Do We Need to Celebrate the Teachers Day in Our Lives

Teachers Day and Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishna Celebrated on 5th September Every Year "Some people call him Teacher, some people call him mentor, some people call…

13 February
Hindi Diwas and Hindi language why we celebrated on 14th Sep

Hindi Diwas and Hindi language Celebrated on 14th September 2019 Hindi is a language that serves to unify our diverse country into one thread. The Hindi…

13 February
Engineers Day: Why is it celebrated on 15th September

Engineers Day Celebrated on 15th September 2019 The year 2019 will mark the 51st anniversary of Engineer's Day in India and the 158th anniversary of…

13 February
World Tourism Day : The World is an amazing place to live

World Tourism Day Celebrated on 27th September 2019 The purpose of this is to spread awareness among the international community of tourism and to encourage…

13 February
World Heart Day:Why Do You Need to Look After Your Heart...

World Heart Day Celebrated on 29th September 2019 Join the World Heart Day and take the first step towards living a healthy life. Worldwide to…

13 February
National Voluntary Blood Donation Day - Be a Hero Give Blood

National Voluntary Blood Donation Day Celebrated on 1st October 2019 The purpose of this is to make people aware of the importance of blood in…

13 February
Know more about Gandhi Jayanti History in India

Gandhi Jayanti Celebrated on 2nd October Every Year Mahatma Gandhi believed that God is in truth and every human is liable to it. His thoughts…

13 February
Who is Columbus and Why some states are do not like Columbus

Columbus Day Celebrated on 8th October Every Year Columbus day is celebrated on 8th of October every year. This is a national holiday in many…

13 February
Know About the World Food Day Most Important Things

World Food Day Celebrated on 10th October 2019 Eating is not merely a material pleasure. Eating well gives a spectacular joy to life and contributes…

13 February
Why You Should Focus More on this World Savings Day

World Savings Day Celebrated on 20th October 2019 Become the master of your money not it’s servant There is a huge gap between the rich…

13 February
Sri Sathya sai baba Birthday and Quotes

Sathya Sai Baba Story : Sathya Sai Baba was born on 23rd November 1926 and was named Sathyanarayana Raju, he left his followers on 24th  April…

13 February
What is Christmas and  Why we are Celebrated on the 25th December

Christmas Celebrated on 25th December 2019 The Lord Jehovah loved the world so much and he sent his only son Jesus to the world to…

Write Your Rating and Suggestion Here

Leave a comment:

Latest posts

Facebook Page

© 2018. Amewoo. All Rights Reserved.