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Shaheed Diwas was celebrated two time in a year - First Martyr’s Day:30th January - Second Martyr’s Day: 23rd March
Shaheed Diwas or Martyrs Day is celebrated every year in India to pay homage to the brave freedom fighters who have sacrificed their lives selflessly while fighting for the freedom, welfare & progress of our country, India. You will be glad to know that India, out of 15 nations, celebrates Shaheed Diwas every year because we love our heroes and can never forget their contribution. They are our brave soldiers who fought for our country’s freedom against the British rule.
Shaheed Diwas was celebrated on 30th January this year with great energy & enthusiasm like every year. The nation paid tribute to the brave fighters who sacrificed their lives for the country and made us all proud. President Sri Ram Nath Kovind, Vice President Venkaiah Naidu & Prime Minister Narendra Modi paid heartfelt tribute to Mahatma Gandhi on his 71st martyrdom on the occasion of Shaheed Diwas. Prime Minister Narendra Modi, in his monthly radio address program, encouraged people to observe two minutes of silence in the memory of the brave fighters of the nation, on the occasion of Shaheed Diwas.
The first Martyr’s Day is also known as Sarvodaya Diwas or Shaheed Diwas, is celebrated across the country on 30th January whereas the second Martyr’s Day is celebrated every year on 23rd of March. But both the Martyr’s Days are celebrated due to varied reasons. The first Martyr’s Day is celebrated to pay tribute to the father of our nation, Mahatma Gandhi and all those freedom fighters who lost their lives while fighting for the freedom of our country.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi or as he is popularly known as, Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2nd October, 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat. Martyr’s Day is celebrated on 30th January every year as on the same day, Gandhiji was brutally assassinated in the year 1948 by Nathuram Godse in the Birla House while he was offering his evening prayers. Gandhiji was a true freedom fighter and he was a simple man who had incredible vision and great determination. He sacrificed his life for the freedom, welfare, and development of our country.
Nathuram Godse even tried to justify his crime by blaming Gandhiji and holding him responsible for the partition of the country which resulted in the killing of thousand during the freedom fight. He stated Gandhiji a pretender and he had no regrets for his crime. Godse was later sentenced to death on 8th of November. On 30th January, Mahatma Gandhi or as he is fondly known as Bapu, breathed his last & was martyred. The Government of India declared that day as Shaheed Diwas or Martyr’s Day.
The second Shaheed Diwas is celebrated on 23rd March every year to remember the extraordinary sacrifice of three incredible freedom fighters of India, Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru and Sukhdev Thapar. All three great freedom fighters were hanged to death on 23rd March by the British. Mahatma Gandhi was a freedom fighter and so were Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru and Sukhdev Thapar but these three young men opted for a different path than Gandhiji’s. They sacrificed their lives while fighting for the freedom for our country. At such a young age, they came forward and fought with bravery against the British for the freedom of our country. So, to pay tribute to the three revolutionaries, Martyr’s Day is celebrated on 23rd March.
On the occasion of Shaheed Diwas or Martyr’s Day, the honorable President of India along with the Vice President, the Prime Minister, the Defence Minister, and the service chiefs unite at the Rajghat and offer flower garlands on the statue of Mahatma Gandhi or Bapu at his samadhi. The armed forces personnel and inter-service contingent give an honorable salute as a respect to the Martyrs.
The people gathered at the place keep silence for 2 minutes in remembrance of Bapuu, the father of our nation, and other martyrs. People even sing religious prayers and bhajanas at some place. Many schools even organize programs on this day wherein students sing patriotic songs and enact patriotic role in the form of plays.
To pay homage to the martyrs of the nation, several other days are also declared as Sarvodaya Diwas or Shaheed Diwas at the national level.
On this day, Martyr’s Day is celebrated in Jammu & Kashmir to remember the sad demise of 22 people who were killed by the royal soldiers while demonstrating adjacent to the Maharaja Hari Singh of Kashmir.
Shaheed Diwas is celebrated on this day in Odisha to observe the death anniversary of Lala Lajpat Rai who is also known as the “Lion of Punjab”. He has played a key role during the freedom struggle from the Britishers.
This day is celebrated as Shaheed Diwas or Martyr’s Day in Jhansi as the pride of Jhansi, Rani Lakshmi Bai was born on this day. Rani Lakshmi Bai sacrificed her life during the freedom struggle in 1857.
The martyrs of our country have made us all proud and we can never forget their invaluable contributions. They might not have been alive to see the growth and development of modern India, but they will always remain in our hearts and days like Shaheed Diwas provides us with an opportunity to take out time from our busy schedules and remember them and pay the tribute which they richly deserve. Jai Hind!
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