• START - - -
  • Om lambodaraya vidmahe, mahodaraya dhimahi,
  • Tano danti prachodayat. |
  • Om mahakarnay vidmahe, vakratundaya dhimahi,
  • Tano danti prachodayat. |
  • Om ekadantaya vidmahe, vakratundaya dhimahi,
  • Tano danti prachodayat. |
  • Om tathapurusaya vidmahe, vakratundaya dhimahi,
  • Tano danti prachodayat. |
  • - - - END |

World Environment Day | Amewoo


World Environment Day: 5th June 2020

World Environment Day is a day celebrated to spread awareness about protecting and taking care of our Earth. Every year it is celebrated on 5th June. It was first initiated by the United Nations. This year UNEP (United Nations Environment Program) announced that Colombia in partnership with Germany will be hosting World Environment Day and more than 143 countries participate in the celebration of World Environment Day. On this day people do their bit to protect the environment.


What is Environment?

The environment includes everything on the earth i.e, living and non-living things. The environment is the combination of air, water, land, plants, animals and natural resources. All these things interact with each other in different ways to form a healthy environment for our livelihood. But, we are coming across many environmental issues which include climatic change, resource depletion, pollution, etc. Even air, water and food chains are also contaminated. Unknown diseases are the consequences of this contamination. And also many species on the earth came to extinction. If this continues, one day Man will be in the list of extinction. In order to avoid this, we need to protect our environment. So a special day is dedicated for spreading awareness about protecting our environment. This day is called “World Environment Day”. 

Origin of World Environment Day:

In 1972, during the Stockholm Conference on Human Environment, June 5th was declared as World Environment Day by the United Nations General Assembly. Many environmental issues were discussed at this conference. This conference also led to the establishment of UNEP (United Nations Environment Program). After two years, in 1974, World Environment Day was celebrated for the first time with the theme "Only One Earth". From then World Environment Day gave an opportunity for the UNEP to spread awareness on environmental issues like release of toxic chemicals from industries, global warming, depletion of the ozone layer, deforestation, pollution, etc. Every year, one country hosts World Environment Day official celebrations. In the Official celebrations, some specific issues are highlighted and actions are taken accordingly.

World Environment Day was found with various plans and objectives to remove environmental issues and make our Earth a beautiful planet. So, every year World Environment Day (WED) is celebrated with a theme. This year's World Environment Day theme is “Biodiversity”. Here are the themes of World Environment Day for the last ten years.WED theme for the year 2010 is “Many Species. One Planet. One Future”.

WED theme for the year 2011 is “Nature at your service”.

WED theme for the year 2012 is “Green Economy: Does it include you?”

WED theme for the year 2013 is “Think. Eat. Save. Reduce your Foodprint”.

WED theme for the year 2014 is “Raise your voice, not the sea level”.

WED theme for the year 2015 is “Seven Billion Dreams. One Planet. Consume with Care”.

WED theme for the year 2016 is “Zero Tolerance for the Illegal Wildlife trade”.

WED theme for the year 2017 is “Connecting People to Nature – in the city and on the land, from the poles to the equator”.

WED theme for the year 2018 is “Beat Plastic Pollution”.

WED theme for the year 2019 is “Air Pollution”.

WED theme for the year 2020 is “Biodiversity”.

This day is considered as the most important day to spread knowledge about our environmental issues to the people around the world and encourage them to take positive actions to protect our environment. 

What is biodiversity?

Variety of life found on planet earth is called Biodiversity. Biodiversity is responsible for the survival of life on earth. It provides us with food, water, natural resources and is responsible for climate control, flood mitigation, pollination, cycling of nutrients, etc. Biodiversity increases ecosystem productivity. It provides freshwater resources, promotes soil formation and protection, acts as an aid in breaking down pollutants; and contributes to speed recovery from natural disasters.

All the living things on earth require food to survive. Some living organisms become food for large species which in turn become food for even larger species. For the well-being of our planet, our biodiversity is very important. So we need to conserve at least some of the natural resources and protect our environment. Some of the species were wiped out because of the climatic changes and some are at the stage of extinction because of human activities such as pollution of water bodies by throwing wastes into water,  deforestation, overexploitation of minerals and oil. These activities also affect the environment in various ways. 

All the living organisms in the ecosystem depend on each other. Spoiling our environment indirectly affects us in many ways.  If we throw the wastes into the water bodies,  the fishes and other organisms consume those waste along with their food and when we eat those fish it affects our health. In the same way, when we cut the trees and reduce the forest area for construction purposes, the number of forests reduces thus leading to an increase in global warming. So if we do not take care of the environment it will not care for us.

Importance of Biodiversity:

Biodiversity is very important for sustaining life on earth. Every species has an equal role in our ecosystem. They produce and decompose organic matter on the earth. The ecosystem supports all these services without which human beings cannot survive. We get food crops, cosmetic products, fishery, livestock, and other sources of food from our reservoir of resources i.e., Biodiversity. Many wild plants which we get from forests are used for medical purposes. Rubber, Wood, fibers, perfumes, lubricants, etc., which we get from our forests, play an important role in increasing our economy. Biodiversity preserves our cultural heritage. So we need to conserve biodiversity.

Do you know that more than 1 million species around the world are facing extinction? If one of the species is removed then it will be responsible for the loss of more than one species. It was believed that 98% of species in nature are extinct. The main reason for this is deforestation. If we continue cutting down trees and use those lands for constructing buildings, roads, etc. many plant and animal species will go into extinction. Plastic thrown on the earth surface will not decompose quickly. Throwing wastes in the rivers and oceans causes water pollution due to which many aquatic species are in the line of extinction. The smoke that comes from vehicles and factories causes air pollution. All these are harmful to our environment. 

What can we do for our environment?

•    We can use products that can be recycled. Recycling will not create much garbage. We need to separate the types of garbage like paper, metal, plastic, e-waste, glass and organic so that we can recycle the products and reuse them.

•    Food is transported for long distances. For the fruits and vegetables to ripen quickly and look fresh, chemicals are used which are harmful to us when we intake them. We can reduce this to some extent by using the fruits and vegetables that are grown in our garden. Planting different varieties of flowers and vegetable plants at home will also give us fresh air to breath and healthy vegetables to eat.

•    We should always keep our surroundings neat and clean. We should clean our home every day. We should not throw wastes on the roads while travelling. We need to use bicycles to travel shorter distances.

•    We should not throw wastes into the rivers or lakes. We must use dust bins. Wastes from the industries and factories should not be moved into the rivers. They should find some alternative for the wastes.

•    We can talk to our friends and family members about how we can protect our environment. If every one of us works together we can create a healthy environment for us and for the future generations. 

World Environment Day Celebrations:

On this day, People must be educated about the importance of a healthy environment to live a healthy life. In schools and colleges, activities like drawing, painting, quiz, essay writing, debates, lectures, speeches on the topics related to environmental protection must be organized. Every one of us needs to come forward and participate in the celebration of World Environment Day by planting trees, using the products that can be recycled, and reducing pollution.

Government and Private Organization should come forward and spread awareness to the people in urban and rural areas about our environmental protection by conducting events like planting trees, marching with slogans related to the environment, distributing pamphlets that give information about environmental protection and displaying banners.

“We have only one earth to live. We need to protect it.”

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