LORD GANESHA GAYATRI MANTRA
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  • Tano danti prachodayat. |
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  • Tano danti prachodayat. |
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World No Tobacco Day

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World No Tobacco Day: 31st May 2020

World No Tobacco Day is a global event celebrated on May 31st every year. It is organized by the WHO (World Health Organization) to spread awareness to the people about the causes and effects of Tobacco use. The main motto of this day is to stop the usage of Tobacco by making people aware of the effects of Tobacco products and make people stay away from tobacco hazards.

What is tobacco?

Tobacco is made from the tobacco leaves which are grown by tobacco farmers in different places. Tobacco acts like a drug in the human body. Once a person is addicted to using tobacco, it becomes a habit for that person to take tobacco.  This can lead that person to get cancers, lung diseases, heart diseases etc. So a special day is dedicated to stop people using tobacco products and make people aware of their effects. This special day is called "World No Tobacco Day".

Origin of World No Tobacco Day:

In 1987, WHO (World Health Organization) passed a resolution saying 7th April 1988 as a "world no-smoking day" with the aim to urge people around the world not to use tobacco-related products for 24 hours. It was initiated to help people who wanted to quit using tobacco products. Then again in 1988, WHO passed another resolution saying 31st May as "World No Tobacco Day". From then this day is celebrated globally. Ten years later WHO established TFI (Tobacco Free Initiative) to focus attention on tobacco resources across the world and health issues of tobacco use.In 2008, WHO ordered a ban on all advertisements, promotions and sponsorship of tobacco. Various studies proved that young people were more attracted to smoking by tobacco advertisements.Every year World No Tobacco Day is celebrated with a theme. All the activities that are conducted on this day are mainly focused on this theme. Pamphlets are designed using this theme and distributed to the people. Here are the themes of World No Tobacco Day for the last 10 years. WNTD theme for the year 2010 is "Gender and tobacco with an emphasis on marketing to women".

WNTD theme for the year 2011 is "The WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control".

WNTD theme for the year 2012 is "Tobacco industry interference".

WNTD theme for the year 2013 is "Ban tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship".

WNTD theme for the year 2014 is "Raise taxes on tobacco".

WNTD theme for the year 2015 is "Stop illicit trade of tobacco products".

WNTD theme for the year 2016 is "Get ready for plain packaging".

WNTD theme for the year 2017 is "Tobacco – a threat to development".

WNTD theme for the year 2018 is "Tobacco Breaks Hearts: Choose health, not tobacco".

WNTD theme for the year 2019 is "Tobacco and lung health".

WNTD theme for the year 2020 is "protecting youth from industry manipulation and preventing them from tobacco and nicotine use".

Causes and Effects of tobacco usage:

Studies prove that most of the young people are attracted to tobacco industries. Tobacco industries are attracting young generations by adding flavours that attract children in smokeless tobacco, e-cigarettes and shisha. They also attract young people through the promotion of tobacco products and the distribution of free samples of tobacco products at popular events. They are also promoting tobacco products by advertising in movies, TV shows and social media platforms with paid influencers. So the theme of World No Tobacco Day this year is to protect youth from tobacco industry manipulation and prevent them from using tobacco and nicotine. It was believed that unattractive and graphic health warning packaging will help in reducing tobacco usage and sale. So WHO ordered all the countries to ban colourful packaging for tobacco products. WHO and some anti-tobacco bodies are doing their best by creating awareness among people to reduce the death rate caused by tobacco usage.When a person is smoking, smoke is inhaled by the smoker. This is referred to as first-hand smoke. People around the smoker inhale the combination of smoke that comes from the cigarette and smoke that exhaled by the smoker. This is referred to as secondhand smoke or passive smoking. And this smoke also resides on the indoor surfaces and also on the other household products. This residue reacts with the indoor pollutants and creates toxic mix which can cause cancer. This is a health hazard for the nonsmokers, especially to children. This is referred to as third-hand smoke.

Some facts on Tobacco consumption across the world:

•        There are 1.3 billion tobacco users across the world.

•        Every year more than 8.2 million people are killed by tobacco usage.

•        In total deaths caused by tobacco usage, more than 7 million deaths are of direct tobacco use, while 1.2 million deaths are the results of exposure to secondhand smoke. Smoking is one of the main sources of tobacco consumption. So we need to focus on people to quit smoking. Reason to quit smoking:

•    Smoking is the cause of lung cancer. Tar from cigarettes coats our lungs making them work harder.

•    Tobacco use increases our blood sugar levels which lead to diabetes.

•    Tobacco smoke contains cancer-causing agents and poisons. Non-smoking families inhale these cancer-causing agents and poisons.

•    Smoke also makes our blood thicker, increasing the chances of getting a heart stroke. Out of 5 deaths of heart diseases, 1 person’s death is caused by smoking or exposure to smoking.

•    Smoking also damages blood vessels and leads to erectile dysfunction.

•    Smokers will have high levels of carbon monoxide in their blood which makes their body starved of oxygen.

What should our government do to reduce tobacco usage?

The government should ban the tobacco, nicotine products and their flavours that attract the youth. Advertisements, promotions and sponsorships of nicotine and tobacco products should be banned. The government should adopt large graphic labels that warn about health risks that can be caused by nicotine and tobacco products. The government should also promote nicotine replacement therapies and non-nicotine pharmacotherapy for termination of their usage.

Not only the government but also other non-government and private organizations can also provide information to the people about the effects of tobacco and nicotine products. They can organize events that spread awareness among people to stop using tobacco and nicotine products.


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