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The daily rituals as mentioned in Madala Panji the Deities are dressed after the last mailan of the day with the gorgeous night the dress called the Bada Singhara Bhesa. In Odia language the word Bada means big and Sringhara means makeup. This Besha of Lord Jagannath is decorated with Khandua Patta which is a long red silken cloth on which the lines of Gita Govindam is woven.This is their most favorite dress and on that its woven that
The most important Besha among others is the Bada Singhara Besha. It is observed every night before the Ratri Pahuda (Last ritual of the day). The deities wear a special silken clothe known as ‘Khandua’. And the most striking part about this ‘Khandua’ clothe is, an extract from the renowned Sanskrit verses of ‘Gita Govinda’ which is composed by the famous poet, Jayadeva, is woven on it. The heads of the deities are covered with a clothe known as Srikapada or clothe for the head. They are adorned with Karapallava(hands), Padaka (a flower decoration with circular lotus). This is one of the most attractive Beshas and the deities remain attired in this Besha till the Mangal Alati which happens in the next day morning time. It is considered to be immensely auspicious to see the deities when they are in this Besha.
The left nostril is decorated with nose pendant made with flowers called nakuasi. The round garland called Hrudaya Padaka is put on the heart which is made with Tulasi, jackfruit leaves, flowers, and ketaki leaves. It is also decorated with flower bangles, flower earrings and Kara Pallava which is a hand finger made with flowers. It is considered to be the most beautiful bhesha of the day.
Since the ‘Bada Singhara Besha’ is connected to the bedtime and related to sleep and slumber, the deities are offered with cool ingredients. It is commonly believed that sleep doesn’t come effortlessly without the coolness of the body. That is the reason why sandalwood paste is applied to the bodies of all three deities.
When it comes to decoration for this Besha, it is usually made up of a variety of floral ornaments and Gita Govinda Khandua Pata(silken clothe set). The deities are decorated with floral ornaments such as Tilaka, Hruda Padaka, Kara Pallav, Guna, Gava and a many garlands and out of those, few of them are inter-mixed with Tulasi.
After the completion of the Chandanalagi ritual, the deities are dressed up elegantly again and this ritual is popularly known as Badashringar Vesha. The deities put on a famous Pata (Silkenm Robes) of Odisha known as Baralagi Pata. One can notice some portion of Gitagovinda of Jayadeva woven into the special robes. The deities are decorated with a variety of flowers, flower garlands, and the headgear the deities put on is made up of flowers. This vesha is one of the most attractive among the other veshas. One may find it interesting to know that Jagannath Ballabha Matha supplies ornaments made up of flowers like the Tilaka and Jhumpa used ion this vesha. Similarly, Emar Matha supplies the other flower ornaments used in this vesha like the Chandrika and Chausara.
The food offering presented to the Bada Singhar Avatar is called Bada Singhar Bhoga. It is presented at the Ratnasinghasan with five upacharas. This bhoga consist of several varieties such as Ghia Pakhal, pancakes, different varieties of watered rice, dahi pakhal, sweet rice, Dalma, Khatta, fried banana chips, green coconut water with camphor offered in a bronze container called Sura Pani, a drink of water mixed with ghi, Chandana, Jaipal, Karpura called Ghasa Jala and sweet rice and preparation of broken rice with vegetables called kanji. It is the last food offering.
The karpoora arti and ghee wicks arti is done after the Bhoga. To perform the Pahuda arti of Lord Jagannatha, Pati Mohapatra is assigned and for the arti of Lord Balabhadra and Devi Subhadra two puspalaks are assigned. However, in the absence of Pati Mohapatra, Palia Puspalak can perform the arti of Lord Jagannatha.
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